Colonial Williamsburg Foundation Library Research Report Series - 1011
Colonial Williamsburg Foundation Library
Benjamin Harrison seems to have been the first owner of the present Semple house which is located on Francis Street near the Capitol. Harrison's lots were assigned by Act of Assembly of 1705. These lots, apparently were kept in the Harrison family until sometime after 1753. By 1769 the property had become Dr. William Pasteur's. It is possible that Dr. Pasteur built the house now known as the "Semple house" around 1773-1777.
Sometime prior to 1782 Colonel William Finnie was owner. Finnie advertised the property for sale in 1787. John Carter Byrd, son of William Byrd III, bought it paying £500 for the house, and £195 for furniture. Byrd held the property until his death in 1796. By 1798 Richard Randolph of Curles was owner. Dying in 1799 his estate kept the property only a year. The next owner was James Semple, attorney at law. During his ownership and tenure from 1801-1834, Semple insured the house with the Mutual Assurance Society some seven times. The Semple heirs sold in 1851 to John B. Christian who sold to George P. Scarborough in 1856. Clara Southall was owner 1857-1858 and in 1859 James W. Custis (who married Clara Southall) became owner. A part of the Custis property was deeded to Rebecca M. Smith in 1891 and the remaining part which covered the house was devised to Margaret Hansford, a sister of Kate W. Custis, the same year. In 1910 Mrs. Hansford conveyed to William F. Reeve, for the use and benefit of Charles G. Reeve and Rebecca H. C. Reeve and their heirs.
In 1928 said property was conveyed to Dr. W. A. R. Goodwin, agent of Colonial Williamsburg Restoration. Further study can be seen in the body of the report.
The house now known as the "Semple House" is situated on the south side of Francis Street in Williamsburg not far from the Capitol. On late eighteenth century maps and early nineteenth century maps of the city the lot is designated "257." (See: College Map [1796?] opposite page.)Not college map but Tyler copy of another map
The first known owner of property on which the present Semple House seems to stand was Benjamin Harrison.1 An Act of Assembly continuing the Act directing the building of the Capitol and the city of Williamsburg in October 1705, sections XXIX and XXX, gives a proviso as to lots formerly laid out. Harrison's lots were designated thus: 2
And be it further enacted, by the authority aforesaid, and it is hereby enacted, That none of the lots, or half acres of land in the city of Williamsburg, whereon any houses were standing, at the laying out of the said city, shall vest in the said feoffees and trustees of the said city, to be disposed of, as the rest of the lots, and half acres may be, by virtue of the said act, made at a general assembly begun at James City, the twenty-seventh day of April, one thousand six hundred ninety nine, intitutled, An Act directing the building the Capitol, and the city of Williamsburg; but that all and every of the said lots and half acres, shall remain and continue the proper estate of the respective proprietors unaltered by the said act, and so shall be adjudged, deemed, and taken; any thing in the said Act to the contrary, or seeming to the contrary notwithstanding.
Saving to Benjamin Harrison
[Section XXX] And be it also enacted, That the four lots, or half acres, which at the first laying out of the land for the said city, were laid out and appropriated for the buildings then erected on the same, by Benjamin Harrison, jr. esq. shall remain and continue to the use of the said Benjamin Harrison, his heirs and assigns, and shall not lapse for want of other buildings thereon; any thing in this act to the contrary, notwithstanding.1
In October, 1710 "An Act to enable Elizabeth Harrison widow and administratrix of Benjamin Harrison, late of the county of Charles City, gentleman, decd. To 3 sell certain Lands and Slaves, late the estate of the said Benjamin, for payment of the debts of the said Benjamin."1 Diverse lands and tenements situated in Charles City, James City, Prince George and Surry Counties were noted as property owned by the deceased and now allowable for sale to pay his debts. No mention was made of any lots in Williamsburg owned by Harrison. After all debts were paid, any surplus was to be applied by said Elizabeth Harrison, administratrix, for the use and benefit of Benjamin Harrison, only son of the deceased and not yet twenty-one.2
Though no Williamsburg property was mentioned in the Act above quoted in part, the property allowed by Assembly of 1705 to Benjamin Harrison Jr. and to his heirs was kept in the family until sometime after 1753.
An Act of Assembly in 1753 described Philip Johnson's location in Williamsburg as "2 lots on Francis 4 Street between the lots of Benjamin Harrison and Benjamin Waller."1
By 1769 the Williamsburg property--once the Harrison lots--had come into possession of Dr. William Pasteur,2 an apothecary of Williamsburg. In this year Colonel Philip Johnson's property was described thus: "2 lots on Francis Street between William Pasteur and Benjamin Waller."3
In 1771 Johnson's property was noted in this way: "…between the LOTS of Mr. Waller and Doctor Pasteur …"4
The destruction of James City County court records for that part of Williamsburg lying in the county has deprived the future of any deeds to this property.55
William Pasteur was the son of Jean (John) Pasteur, peruke-maker of Williamsburg. Upon the death of his mother, Martha Harris Pasteur, in 1746, William was left under the guardianship of Commissary Dawson of the College.1 Soon he was apprenticed to Dr. George Gilmer in his apothecary shop in the city. By 1760 Pasteur most probably had married Elizabeth Stith, daughter of the late Reverend William Stith, President of William and Mary College, and Judith Randolph Stith.2 It was in 1760 that he bought a lot from Henry Wetherburn on the north side of Duke of Gloucester Street which he used as an apothecary shop. From 1760-1775 Pasteur advertised imported medicines, supplies, cordials, oils, etc. for sale. By 1775 he had entered into a partnership with Dr. John M. Galt which lasted to 1778.36
It looks as though Dr. Pasteur prior to his marriage was not a man of fortune nor did he inherit any considerable amount from either of his parents. His wife's mother, Judith Randolph, at the time of her marriage to the Reverend Stith was "a young lady of considerable fortune," according to the Virginia Gazette.1
By 1769 (as stated before) Dr. Pasteur was living on Francis Street. By 1773 he had moved from one house on the street to another adjoining.2 That year he bought a farm of 630 acres on King's Creek which had been in the Wormeley family; he owned a plantation of 800 acres in Goochland County which had been Randolph property. He had loaned Philip W. Claiborne £1500.19.4 and this year he collected that amount from Claiborne's 7 executors by order of court.1 In fact, Dr. Pasteur, seemingly, overnight had evolved from a local doctor and apothecary to a man of landed estates and money to lend. It does not seem unreasonable to believe that Dr. Pasteur through his marriage came into money via the Randolphs.2
It is entirely possible that Dr. Pasteur could have built the house on Lot 257 now known as the "Semple House."
In January, 1773 Dr. Pasteur was advertising a part of his property for sale:
THE HOUSES and LOT adjoining me wherein I formerly lived; for which twelve Months credit will be allowed the Purchaser, on giving approved Security, to WILLIAM PASTEUR.38
We interpret Dr. Pasteur's notice above as meaning that he was willing to sell a lot with houses thereon adjoining his present house.
In May, 1773 Archibald Diddep, tailor, notified his customers that he had taken a "House contiguous to Doctor Pasteur's":
ARCHIBALD DIDDEP, TAILOR, Williamsburg TAKES this Method of informing the Publick that he has removed from his former Habitation to a House contiguous to Doctor Pasteur's, where he carries on his Business in all its different Branches. He returns his most grateful Acknowledgments to all those who have hitherto been pleased to favour him with their Custom, and hopes for a Continuance of it, as they may rely upon their Work being executed with the greatest Care and Puctuality, and the most genteel Manner.1
According to Marcus Whiffen, architectural historian of Colonial Williamsburg (1960), "the present Semple house has the same proportions as a house on The Frenchman's Map of Williamsburg (1782) and is the same as on an insurance policy for this house in 1801." Mr. Whiffen explains "that the house [in 1801] looked just as it does today is attested by a sketch of the street 9 front upon the insurance declaration. That it and the other buildings on the property were by no means new may be inferred from the statement in the same declaration that they would have cost $4,000 to build at that date, the deduction of $2,000 being due to decay or bad repair .... And it has been confirmed by the archaeologist's spade, which by failing to reveal signs of earlier foundations upon the site has proved that the house shown on the map can be none other than the present one. The year 1782, then, is the terminus ante quem for the dating of the house; stylistic evidence makes it unlikely that it was built much before the Revolution."1
During 1777-1779 Pasteur made repairs to the house and dependencies at the farm in York County. Harwood did the work for him.2 Prior to 1779 Dr. Pasteur had removed to his farm. He advertised from King's Creek 10 as "oyster merchant able to deliver considerable quantities of open or in shell at my landing there."1
Sometime prior to 1782 Colonel William Finnie2 was owner of the Francis Street property (to follow in report). Finnie was Quartermaster-General of the Southern Department with headquarters in Williamsburg from 1776-ca. 1786. In 1782 he was listed as owner of 7 slaves. Tax records for this year give Finnie as owner of 2 lots with tax valuation of £4. In 1787 these lots were valued at £27 for tax purposes.3
Work done in 1779 by Harwood for Finnie covered such items as mending plastering, fixing porch, whitewashing 6 rooms and 2 passages. Further repairs made in 1782-1786 indicated that there was a cellar to the house, a dining room and 5 marble chimney pieces put into the house. If work done by Harwood for Finnie was at this location, it seems clear that in 1778 there was a house 11 on this lot already built and that Finnie was putting it into better repair.1 When Finnie was having changes made to his property by Harwood, there was a note by Harwood referring to "bricks from Diddip's old House." These bricks, evidently, had been used by Harwood with Finnie's consent. In fact, Finnie expected Harwood to take these bricks as part payment for work done.2
In May, 1787 William Finnie advertised his house and lots for sale:
FOR SALE,Note that Finnie stated that there was a "lot on each side capable of improvement." One would infer there were no buildings thereon. 12
MY HOUSE & LOTS,
In the City of Williamsburg,
Where I now live, it is a beautiful situation, and has a lot on each side capable of improvement. Any person inclinable to purchase, may know the terms by applying to me on the premises, or in my absence to the Honourable JOSEPH PRENTIS, who I impowered to treat for the same. WM. FINNIE.3
By September, 1787 Finnie's house had been sold to John Carter Byrd,1 son of William Byrd III. Henry Tazewell, Williamsburg lawyer and advisor to John Carter Byrd, rendered this account to Byrd:
Dr 1787 … Sept. 28. To Colo Finnie for your house £500.0.0 To do For furniture in Edward's Bond 195.10.0 To do for your draft in Cash 26.17.0 £2436.19.03 ¼
… 1788 Mar Mr Byrd. Acct as it now stands March 1788. Paid as follows … To Wm Finnie ------------------ £500.0.0 … To Finnie for furniture ------- 195.10.0
Byrd's account with Henry Tazewell 1787-1789 has one item indicating that Byrd was living in town:
1789 Sept To sowing your wheat Lot in Town & 1 Bushel Wheat 0.17.0 To 75 Loads of Wood at 10/ 37.10.0 Nov To 3000 shingles 16/ 2.8.0
In 1788 Williamsburg Land Tax records list "John Byrd of Wm Finnie & Arch Diddup ---- 4 lots --- £32."1 Diddep held 1 lot ---- £5 in 1786 and Finnie held 2 lots --£27. Finnie's and Diddep's lot valuations added together would make £32 which is the same amount paid by Byrd. See: House History of Lot 255 or Diddep Lot, Research Department.
On June 12, 1790 Humphrey Harwood made some repairs to a house of Byrd's:
Dr John Byrd Esq 1790 th June 12 To 12 bushels of lime @ 9d -. 9.- Octo 23 To taking down the old Bricks & stones of the portch & relaying them 12/6 -.12.6 £l. 1.6 rd Cr Octo 23 By Cash in full £1. 1.6
In 1790 "John Byrd esqr Williamsburg" had James Anderson, Williamsburg, blacksmith, repair a smoke house 14 and chariot; and provide spikes for rafters and a ladder for a chimney.1
In 1798 Richard Randolph4 of Curles had become the owner of 6 lots in Williamsburg with a tax valuation of $80. Randolph died in 1799. His estate held the 6 lots until 1801. (To follow in the report.)
From the will of Richard Randolph "of the City of Williamsburg" dated February 19, 1799, we know that he bought the lots from John Carter Byrd and Benjamin Bucktrout: 15
Tax records indicate 4 lots via John Carter Byrd.2 Plats of Williamsburg of the 19th century show "Bucktrout" on two lots designated "253 & 254" which lots adjoined those marked "Semple" which were the identical lots owned by Finnie, and Byrd.3 16
[February 19, 1799]
First I desire my just debts and funeral expences to be first paid and satisffyed. I give to my beloved wife Maria all my Houses and lots in the City of Williamsburg where I now live which I purchased of John C Byrd and Benjamin Bucktrout together with all my house hold and Kitchen furniture during her natural life .... and that my said wife be furnished with a neat serviceable carriage and a pair of horses in the discretion of my executors and also the Houses and Lots in Williamsbg in which I have given her a life estate be put in neat and good repair ….
Richard Randolph SS
[Carter Beverley and Gawin L. Corbin, executors. Witnessed by Will: Russell Mann Page junr Recorded September 9, 1799 James City County Court.]1
While Randolph was living in Williamsburg he held 9 slaves and 2 horses.1
By 1801 James Semple, Attorney at Law, had become the owner of 4 lots with tax valuation of $70.2
This year Semple insured his new house with the Mutual Assurance Society, Richmond. He stated that he resided in Williamsburg in the County of James City, there were "four buildings on the Back Street South of the old Capitol at Williamsburg now occupied by myself situated between the House of Robert H: Waller and that of Benj: Bucktrout … The wooden dwelling is 24 feet by 22 two stories high with two wooden wings 22 by 20 one story high." Dependencies noted were "a wooden office 12 by 12 one story; and a wooden stable and carriage house 20 by 10 feet also one story high."317
In 1806 Semple insured his property which was a revaluation of the policy of 1801; "The four buildings on the South side of Francis Street in sd City now occupied by self are situated between the Lott of Benjamin Bucktrout W and the Lott of Burwell Bassett East in the county of James City.1
The apparent discrepancy in the descriptions of the same property as noted in policies for 1801 and 1806 seems to be that the first refers to houses and the second to lots.
A letter dated "Williamsburg 14, 1809" [sic] from St. George Tucker to ---- Skipwith describes the Semple house at that time which was for sale:
There are two other houses in Williamsburg which I believe are for sale. The first belongs to Mr. Semple lately appointed Judge which will oblige him to move from Williamsburg. This is a neat handsome house nearly opposite the South end of the old Capitol, which you must have observed, I think, as it is the handsomest house in town. There is a large garden and I believe an acre or more of land in adjacent lots. The house is a very good one and contains about 6 rooms or 18 perhaps more. I know not what Mr. Semple would ask for it but I expect as much as Mr. Prentis's whole establishment would probably cost …1
The Semple house was not sold. From 1809-1819 X 10-14 [illegible]Semple is shown in the Williamsburg Tax records as owner of 4 ½ lots valued from 1801-1806 at $70; 1814 at $150; 1815 at $200; 1817-1819 at $164.2 In 1820 Semple is charged with 1 lot valued at $2050 including buildings, with buildings at $1800.3
In 1823 Semple's insurance policy--which was a revaluation--gave "The buildings are situated on Francis Street now occupied by self between the lot of Burwell Bassett East and South, Bucktrout Lot west, and Francis Street north in the county of James City." 4 The office building on the property, evidently, had been conveyed by deed to James Semple Jr. In policy #5036, in the name 19 of Semple Jr., the property described was "my buildings … on Francis Street in Williamsburg situated between the lot of James Semple on the East, South and West, and Francis street north in the county of James City…"1
An amusing story written in April, 1813 by a lad, William H. Waller who lived in the Benjamin Waller house, to his sister, Mrs. Eliza Blow of Tower Hill, Sussex County, relates the intimacy between the Waller and Semple families:
Williamsburg, April 2, 1813
… Mama has been frightened but once we heard the brittish had Landed at kings mill and were marching towards the old city she immediately snached [sic] up her silver spoons put them into her red trunk with her papers and sent them by Uncle Beuran[?] from her house to Mr. Semples who 20 lives in his old mansion house and returned with a violent pain in her back and head and went to bed, Mrs Semple soon spread the report that she went to bed to receive the Brittish…1
In 1830 James Semple insured his property with the Mutual Assurance Society again. He stated that "My buildings on Francis Street in Williamsburg now occupied by myself situated between the lots and lands of Burwell Bassett on the East and South, the lot of Bucktrout on the west and Francis Street on the north, and partly on the East by lot of James Semple, Jr., in the county of James City…"2 James Semple, Jr. insured his office in 1830 thus: "My buildings on Francis Street in Williamsburg situated between the lands and lots of James Semple on the East, South and West and the street on the north, in the county of James City…"
In 1834 Judge James Semple died.
The property was owned by his heirs until 1851 when John B. Christian3 had come into possession. A study 21 of the land tax on the property from 1820 to 1854 indicates that the lot with buildings had a valuation ranging from $2050 to $2400.1
In 1851 Christian insured his buildings under policy #14,380 [no date given] total valuation of his property consisting of a dwelling, kitchen, laundry and office was $3900.2
In 1853 John B. Christian gave a deed to George P. Scarburgh and Clara H., his wife, to 3 ½ acres adjoining G. Durfey and Richard M. Bucktrout.322
In 1854 or 1855 George P. Scarburgh and wife deeded the 3 1/2 acres to Clara H. Southall. It was described as "the old residence of Judge James Semple."
Williamsburg Land Tax transfers for 1856 show that George P. Scarborough had come into "1 lot formerly assigned to John B. Christian."1 Scarborough [Scarburgh] had insured the property in 1853 under policy #17,648 revaluation of #14,380 in the name of John B. Christian.2 Such property was described as on Frances Street now occupied by myself situated between the lands of Goodrich Durfey on the East and Richard M. Bucktrout on the West in the county of James City … Dwelling, kitchen laundry and office --- total valuation $3900.3
In 1870 John R. Custis conveyed to Catherine W. Custis the property he had received from James W. and Clara Custis.423
In 1871 James W. Custis was plaintiff upon petition to set up a lost deed of trust versus Andrew Lyttle, defendant. In the petition "it appears that James W. Custis sold to Andrew Lytle in the year 1861 the following property to wit: 2/3 of a lot at the College landing half under a lease, ½ of a wharf on the College Creek, known as Galt's Wharf and also a saw mill and fixtures located on the first named lot of land and the Creek aforesaid and 2/3 of seven and three quarters acres of land near the College Creek: for the purchase of this property the said Andrew Lytle gave to James W. Custis two single bills under seal: one for six hundred and eighty dollars payable on demand and the other for one thousand and sixty dollars payable on the twenty first August 1862 with interest… "1 (This property is not strictly the 3 ½ acres though it does show the extent of the Custis holdings in the area.)224
A part of the Custis property was deeded to Rebecca M. Smith in 1891 under a deed of trust.1 The remaining part which covered the house was devised by will on January 21, 1891:
[Will of Kate W. Custis] … I bequeath to my sister, Margaret, Mrs. Hansford, the house and lot now owned by me in Williamsburg to be under her sole control, this though, the property I mean, must be held until all my debts are paid. The house and lot can be rented out until the debts are satisfied...2
On September 27, 1910 Margaret Custis Hansford, widow, conveyed to William F. Reeve of Moorestown, New Jersey, property naming the consideration as $2250. Such property was held in trust for the use and benefit of Charles G. Reeve and Rebecca H. C. Reeve and their heirs:
… All that certain lot or tract of land and premises situated in the City of Williamsburg in the County of James City, and the state of Virginia, known as the "Peyton Randolph House", bounded and described as follows: On the North by Francis Street; on the East by the property of Hugh S. Bird and Margaret W. S. Bird; on the South by the property of Rebecca M. Smith; and on the West by the property of 25 Eugene W. Morris. This lot fronts said Francis Street about one hundred and twelve feet (112) running South between parallel lines about two hundred and eighty-two (282) feet, being the remainder of the lot or premises devised to said Margaret C. Hansford by Catherine W. Custis by will recorded in the Clerk's Office in the County of James City and the City of Williamsburg, on the 10th day of October, 1892.1
The said property above described, was conveyed on February 15, 1928 to Dr. W. A. R. Goodwin, agent of Colonial Williamsburg Restoration. Further title to this property can be found in the files of the Accounting Department of Colonial Williamsburg.
|1782||William Finnie||2 lots||£4|
|1783||William Finnie||3 lots||6|
|1784||Wm. Finnie||2 lots||4|
|1785||Wm. Finnie||2 lots||4|
|1786||Wm. Finnie||2 lots||6|
|1787||Wm. Finnie||2 lots||27|
|1782||Archibald Diddip||1 lot||£2|
|1783||Archibald Diddip||1 lot||2|
|1784||Archibald Diddip||1 lot||2|
|1785||Archibald Diddip||1 lot||2|
|1786||Archibald Diddip Est||1 lot||3|
|1787||Archibald Diddip Est||1 lot||5|
|1788||John Byrd of Wm Finnie & Archd Diddip||4 lots||£32|
|1789||John Byrd||4 lots||21|
|1790||John Byrd||4 lots||21|
|1791||John Byrd||4 lots||21|
|1792||John Byrd||4 lots||21|
|1793||John C. Byrd||4 lots||21|
|1794||John Carter Byrd||4 lots||21|
|1795||John C. Byrd||4 lots||21|
|1796||John C. Byrd||4 lots||21|
|1797||John C. Byrd||4 lots||21|
|1798||Richard Randolph||6 lots||$80|
|1799||Richard Randolph Est.||6 lots||80|
|1800||Richard Randolph Est.||6 lots||80|
|1801||James Semple Atty Law||4 lots||$70|
|1802||James Semple Atty [torn]|
|1803||James Semple Lawyer||4 lots||70|
|1804||James Semple Lawyr||4 lots||70|
|1805||James Semple Lawyer||4 ½ lots||$70|
|1806||James Semple||4 ½ lots||70|
|1807||James Semple||4 ½ lots||100|
|1809||James Semple||4 ½ lots||100|
|1810||Wm. Armistead via Semple||4 ½ lots||$100|
|1811||Wm. Armistead||4 ½ lots||100|
|1812||Wm. Armistead||4 ½ lots||100|
|1813||Wm. Armistead||4 ½ lots||150|
|1814||James Semple via Armistead||4 ½ lots||150|
|1815||James Semple||5 ½ lots||200|
|1816||James Semple||4 ½ lots||164|
|1817||James Semple||4 ½ lots||164*|
|1818||James Semple||4 ½ lots||164|
|1819||James Semple||4 ½ lots||164|
|1820||James Semple||1 lot||$2050||Bldgs.$1800|
|1821||James Semple||1 lot||2050||1800|
|1822||James Semple||1 lot||2050||1800|
|1823||James Semple Sr.||1 lot||2050||1800|
|1836||James Semple||1 lot||2050||1800|
|1837||James Semple Est.||1 lot||2050||1800|
|1838||James Semple Est.||1 lot||2050||1800|
|1839||James Semple Est.||1 lot||2050||1800|
|1840||James Semple Est||1 lot||2400||2000|
|1851||John B. Christian||1 lot||2600||2300|
|1856||George P. Scarborough||1 lot||2600||2300|
|formerly to John B. Christian|
|1857||Clara Southall||1 lot||3700||3100|
|1858||Clara Southall||1 lot||3700||3100|
|1859||James W. Custis||1 lot||3700||3100|
|formerly charged to Clara H. Southall|
|1860||James W. Custis||1 lot||3700||3100|
|in rite of wife|
|1783||William Finnie||6 slaves,||2 horses,||2 cattle,||4 wheels|
|1786||William Finne||9 slaves,||2 horses,||1 cattle,||4 wheels|
|1788||William Finnie||5 slaves|
|1788||John Byrd||7 slaves,||4 horses,||8 wheels,||postchaise|
|1789||John Byrd||7 slaves,||4 horses,||4 wheels,||postchaise|
|1790||John Byrd||3 slaves,||3 horses,||6 wheels,||postchaise|
|1791||John Byrd||8 slaves,||5 horses,||4 wheels,||coach|
|1792||John Byrd||8 slaves,||5 horses,||4 wheels,||coach|
|1793||John Byrd||8 slaves,||5 horses,||4 wheels,||coach|
|1794||John C. Byrd||8 slaves,||4 horses,||4 wheels,||2 chairs|
|1795||John C. Byrd||8 slaves,||3 horses,||4 wheels,||2 chairs|
|1796||John C. Byrd||7 slaves,||1 horse|
|1797||John C. Byrd||9 slaves,||3 horses||1 chariot|
|1797||Richard Randolph||9 slaves,||2 horses|
|1798||Richard Randolph||9 slaves,||2 horses|
|1799||Richard Randolph est.||[illegible]|
|1800||Richard Randolph est.||[illegible]|
|1801||James Semple||4 slaves,||2 horses|
|1802||James Semple||7 slaves,||2 horses,||1 wheel|
|1803||James Semple||7 slaves,||3 horses,||1 wheel,||1 chariot|
|1804||James Semple||7 slaves,||2 horses,||1 wheel,||1 chariot|
|1805||James Semple||5 slaves,||3 horses,||1 wheel,||1 chariot|
|1806||James Semple||6 slaves,||3 horses,||1 wheel,||1 chariot|
|1807||James Semple||5 slaves,||3 horses,||1 wheel,||1 chariot|
|1809||James Semple||5 slaves,||1 horse,||1 wheel,||1 chariot|
|1810||James Semple||7 slaves,||3 horses,||1 wheel,||1 chariot|
|1814||James Semple||2 slaves,||3 horses|
|1818||James Semple||15 slaves,||1 wheel|
|1819||James Semple, Sr.||10 slaves,||4 horses,||1 coach|
|1820||James Semple Sr.||9 slaves,||2 horses,||1 wheel|
|1821||James Semple Sr.||9 slaves,||3 horses,||1 carriage|
|1822||James Semple Sr.||10 slaves,||2 horses,||1 wheel|
|1823||James Semple Sr.||9 slaves,||3 horses,||2 gigs,||1 carriage|
|1824||James Semple Sr.||9 slaves,||3 horses,||2 gigs,||1 wheel|
|1825||James Semple Sr.||11 slaves,||5 horses,||1 wheel||carriage|
|1826||James Semple Sr.||7 slaves,||4 horses,||1 gig,||1 wheel|
|1827||James Semple Sr.||10 slaves,||3 horses,||1 gig,||1 wheel|
|1828||James Semple Sr.||9 slaves,||3 horses,||1 gig,||1 wheel|
|1829||James Semple Sr.||9 slaves,||5 horses,||1 gig,||1 wheel|
|1830||James Semple Sr.||9 slaves,||4 horses,||1 gig,||1 wheel|
|1831||James Semple Sr.||8 slaves,||6 horses,||1 gig,||1 wheel|
|1832||James Semple Sr.||9 slaves,||7 horses,||1 gig,||1 wheel|
|1834||James Semple||9 slaves,||4 horses,||1 gig,||1 wheel carriage|
|1835||John B. Christian|
|1836||John B. Christian||10 slaves,||8 horses,||2 gigs|
|1837||John B. Christian||7 slaves,||3 horses,||2 gigs|
|1838||John B. Christian||9 slaves,||1 horse,||2 gigs,||1 wheel|
|1841||John B. Christian||8 slaves,||3 horses,||2 gigs|
|1842||John B. Christian||8 slaves,||2 horses,||2 wheels|
|1843||John B. Christian||7 slaves,||2 horses,||1 gig,||1 wheel|
|1844||John B. Christian||8 slaves,||2 horses,||1 wheel|
|1845||John B. Christian||7 slaves,||2 horses,||1 wheel|
|1848||John B. Christian||7 slaves,||2 horses,||1 wheel|
|1849||John B. Christian||7 slaves,||2 horses,||1 wheel|
|1850||John B. Christian||6 slaves,||2 horses,||1 wheel|
|1851||John B. Christian||5 slaves,||2 horses,||1 wheel|
|1852||John B. Christian||6 slaves,||2 horses,||1 wheel|
|1853||John B. Christian||7 slaves,||2 horses,||1 wheel|
|1854||John B. Christian||7 slaves,||2 horses,||1 wheel|
|1855||John B. Christian||8 slaves,||5 horses,||1 wheel|
|1856||John B. Christian est.||9 slaves,||9 horses,||2wheels|
|1857||James Custis||25 slaves,||100 cattle,||10 horses,||2 wheels|
|1858||James W. Custis||8 slaves,||25 cattle,||2 horses,||2 carriages|
|1859||James W. Custis||7 slaves,||5 cattle,||3 horses,||2 carriages|
|1860||James W. Custis||9 slaves,||15 cattle,||3 horses,||2 carriages|
|1861||James W. Custis||10 slaves,||18 cattle,||3 horses,||2 carriages|
|1799||James Semple||136 ½ Acres||$547.37|
|1802||James Semple||136 ½ Acres||547.37|
|1805||James Semple||336 ½ Acres||$1111.37|
|1810||James Semple||49 ¼ Acres||162.53|
|Eliz. H. Semple||287 ¼ Acres||947.93|
|1813||James Semple||49 ¼ Acres||162.53 by stage road, Elizabeth H. Semple|
|Eliz. H. Semple||287 ¼||947.93|
|1819||James Semple||49 ¼ Acres||162.53|
|1821||James Semple||50 Acres of Tazewell By Saunders old tract 1 mile South|
|49 ¼ Acres by stage road from Wmsbg to York & Wm H. Pierson & Eliza his wife late Eliza Semple 1 mile E of Court House|
|1824||James Semple Sr.||[same as above] and 48 ½ Acres north by road leading from Wmsburg to York, W by road leading to King's Mill & Galt's estate|
|1828||James Semple Sr.||[same as above] and 287 ¼ Acres by sd Semple A. D. Galt Wm Allen & stage rd.|
|1829||James Semple||49 ¼ Acres|
|25 [sic]Acres of Tazewell by Saunders old tract|
|48 ½ Acres by road leading from Wmsburg to York|
|287 ¼ Acres by sd Semple, Galt, Allen|
|1833||James Semple||[same as above] and 100 Acres by Chissels Run, A. H. Christian N E & S W and John Hockaday, N. W. 4 miles from C. H.|
|6 11/16 Acres by John T. James, sd Semple and back road to Wmsbg 4 miles W. of C. H.|
|1835||James Semples Est||49 ¼ Acres|
|25 By Saunders Old tract|
|48 ½ By road from Wmsburg to York N to Kings Mill|
|287 ¼ By sd Semple, Galt, Wm Allens Est. & road|
|172 7/10 Acres by Edloes Ferry to the burnt Ordinary N S S W by J. Stone 12 miles N W of C.H.|
|1836||James Semple Est||49 ¼ Acres|
|25 Acres of Tazewell by Saunders old tract|
|48 ½ Acres north by road leading from Wmsbg to York|
|287 ¼ Acres by sd Semple, A.D.Galt, Wm. Allen & stage rd.|
|1839||James Semple Est||25 Acres by Saunders old tract|
|1845||James Semple Est||25 Acres By Saunders Old tract 1 mile S of C. H.|
|1859||James W. Custis Wmsbg||388 ¼ A. adjoining John B. Christian's Est 1 mile South of Courthouse --- $3505.89 lot & bldg.|
|7 7/8 A. adjoining J. B. Christian's Est --- $428.73 lot & bldg. ¼ mile south courthouse|
|1861||James W. Custis||388 ¼ acres adj. J.B.Christian's Est 1 mile south of courthouse $3505.89 lot & bldg.|
|453 A. Camp Holly adj. J.B.Christian's Est. ½ mile from courthouse $7578.69 by exors. of J. B. Christian's Est. in 1859 by deed*|
|7 7/8 A. adj. John B. Christian's Est. $428.73 ¼ mile south courthouse|
|Doctr William Pastuer||Dr||Per Contra||Cr|
|January||4||To 8 Bushs of lime a 9d||Decemr||18||By His Account||£ 74. 7.-|
|pr Oversear for Qr up the Country & lime 6/||£ .19.-||By An Order on Mr John Rowsay)||18. 1.-|
|June||16||To a Set of harrow howes 30/. (August 23rd) To 1 ½ days Carting @15/||2.12.6||Accepted for)|
|October||14||To 1 day Cart hier 15/||15.|
|February||28||To 1 days Cart hier 40/ (March 2d) To 1 do Carting plank to farm 40/||4. 0.-|
|March||2||To 200 bricks 3/. 12bushels of lime a 1/6.(4th) To 500 Do 25/.Carting them to Farm 40/||4.13.|
|To working on 2 door frames to kitchg 12/.& building up Old Oven 12/.||1. 4.|
|To mendq Kitching Chimney 6/. & 2 days rt labour 6/||12.-|
|29||To Repairing well 10/. & 12 days Work of Old George a 2/6||2. 0.-|
|To 500 bricks 27/6. & Carting them to Farm & building oven 24/||2.11.6|
|To Repairing Chimney on Garrot 5/. & Do in landary 7/6. & workq in Doors Frame to landary, & Repairing the wall 24/||1.16.6|
|To Working in 6 Cellar window frames @ 12/.||3.12.|
|July||24||To 400 bricks a 5/. (Aug.27th) 300 brick 15/8[?] 3 days work of H.W.K. & 3 do Jeary 12/||5.10.-|
|Septemr||2||To 300 Do 15/. 1 days work of H.W. 15/. (24th) to 2000 larthes a 20/||4.10.|
|25||To 2500, 4d Nails a 36/. pr M. 150. 20d do 12/||5. 2.|
|To 40 bushs of lime a 1/6. & Carting it to farm 30/||4.10.|
|To ¾ of a days Carting Cole. & Sault from A V Plume||1. 2.6|
|30||To 40 bushs of lime 60/. & Carting it to farm 30/.||4.10.|
|To 1200 bricks pr Waggons 60/.||3. 0.|
|Octobr||10||To 1000 larthes 30/. & 15 days work of Jack at 12/., & 15 do of Moses a 8/||16.10.-|
|[Oct.]||17||To 1200 bricks a 5/. & 4 days of Hud Watkins a 15/. 2 do of Self a 15/.||7.10.|
|To 4 Days work of Phill, & 4 do of Moses a 8/||3. 4.-|
|24||To 6 Days Do of Phill, & 6 do of Moses a 8/||4.16.-|
|28||To 2 Ditto Self a 15/. & 2 do of Moses 16/. 1 bushel of Whitewash 3/. & 4 days of my horse plowing 24/||3.13.|
|Novemr||7||To 6 Do Jack a 12/.; 6 Do Moses a 8/. & 1 Do pr Self 15/||6.15.-|
|14||To 4 Do of Jack a 12/. (19th) to 400 larthes a 3/6 £92.8.0||3. 2.-|
|£92. 8.||£92. 8.-|
|1779||th||(paid) Doctr William Pastuer||Dr||1782||th||Per Contra||Cr|
|Novemr||12||Septemr||29||By 1 Bushell of Salt 24/.||£1. 4.-|
|[This line marked out in ledger]||By Cash paid Mrs Ellis for me 5/||5.|
|Octobr||19||To Repairing your Sault Workes 15/. 200 bricks 5/6||1. 6.-||March||1||By A Quarter of Veal 5/.||5.-|
|17||By Cash to Ballance||3.12.|
|July||26||To 6 Days work of Jeary a 10/||3. 0.|
|August||22||To seting up a Still 10/.||.10.-|
|26||To 1 days work of Jeary a 10/||.10.-|
|(Carried to Folio 84)||£5. 6.0||£5. 6.-|
|Doctr William Pasteur||Dr||Per Contra||Cr|
|August||27||To an Order on Ben Wallor Junr Accepted for||£9. -.-||Octo||1||By 7 Bushels of mortar taken away||£ . 7.-|
|June||26||To 3 days work of Jerry repairing Oven &c a 6/||18.-||August||7||By an order from Wm Harwood on me for Tate Harwood's Estate)||15. 0.6|
|Sepr||19||To 58 bushels of lime a 1/. & carting 4 loads of Sanda 1/6||3. 4.-||By a Quarter of muton||3.6|
|To 3 ½ bushels of hair a 2/||7.-||1787|
|21||To 450 larthes a 1/6||6.9||January||27||By Cash received||3. 4.3|
|27||To 30 bushels of lime a 1/ & carting 4 loads of sand a 3/.||1.16.-||By your Note of Hand for Ballance||33.10.|
|To 1250 Larthes a 1/6 & 5 days labour a 2/6||1.11.8|
|To building up Cellar steps 12/.||12.-|
|To 6 ½ days work of Jerry & 6 ½ of Nat & 1 ¾[?] do of H. Watkins @ 6/3 Repairg, larthg & plaistering||4. 4.|
|Octor||1||To 30 bushels of lime a 1/ & carting a load of sand 2/.||1.12.|
|To ¾ of days work of H. Watkins & Isaac Repairg plasterg.||7.6|
|2||To 36 bushels of lime a 1/ & carting 2 loads of sand a 2/.||2. -. -|
|[Oct.]||4||To 30 do of do a 1/. & do 1 do of do 2/||1.12.|
|5||To Carting 2 loads of sand a 2/ & to 30 bushs of lime a 1/||1.14.|
|10||To 30 bushels of lime a 1/. & 1 load of sand 2/.||1.12.|
|To 2 bushels of Hair a 2/.||4.-|
|12||To 8 bushels of lime 8/. & building Chimney £5.00.0||5. 8.-|
|To 14 days labour a 2/6 & repairing underping to House & Kitchen 12/6||2. 7.6|
|13||To laying 3 Harths a 3/6 & 300 larths 1/6||13.-|
|To setting up 2 Grates 15/ & fixing a back in Chimney 2/6||17.6|
|15||To 32 bushels of lime a 1/. & laying a Harth up Stairs 3/6||1.15.6|
|To larthing Plastering &c in parlor||13.-|
|18||To 1 bushel of lime 1/. & taking down a pair of Stone Steps & putting them up 20/||1. 1.-|
|To 2 days labour a 2/6 & cutting out cellar Wall & putting in Window 2/6||7. 6|
|23||To White-washing 7 Rooms, 1 passage & 2 Closets a 4/6||1.16.-|
|To 2 ½ bushels of white wash @ 2/.||5.-|
|Nor||23||To 10 bushels of lime a 1/. & underpining Stable 18/||1. 8.-|
|To repairing do to Store 2/. & 3 days labour at 2/6||9.6|
|Decem.||22||To 18 Bushels of lime @ 1/. & hair 1/6 & 450 larthes @ 1/6||1. 6.3|
|To Repairing Larthing, & plastering in Landary, & Kitch. a 22/6||1. 2.6|
|1786||To Repairing floor to Kitching 2/6 & labours work 3 days @ 2/6||10.-|
|Decemr||6||To underpining a Dary --- & putting in 2 Cellar window frames 10/||10.-|
|To repairing Landary Chimney 2/6 & 2 days labr a 2/6||7.6|
|(Carried to Folio 109)||£52. 5.3||£52. 5.3|
|[Page] 109||Doctr William Pasteur||Dr||Per Contr||Cr|
|1787||th||Dr Brought from Folio (84)||00. 0.0||1787||th|
|April||24||To 300 Bricks a 3/. & underpining Necessary House & plastering the same & laying dary floor 12/6||1.1.6||July||15||By 5 bushels of lime taken away 5/.||£5.-|
|August||19||By a Quarter of lamb 3/3.||.3-|
|July||15||To 5000 Bricks a 28/. pr M & 18 bushels of lime 18/.||7.18.-||April||13||By a Quarter of Lamb 3/9. (June 15th) by a Qr Veal 6/8||10.5|
|To 2 days labour 5/. & bricking up Top to Well 15/.||1. -.-||Septr||23||By an order given Mr M: Anderson on you wch you accepted||30. -.-|
|Octor||8||To 7 bushels of lime 7/. & 140 Bricks 4/3||.11.3||Oct||30||By his Note given this day||17.14.7|
|To setting up a Grate with rub'd Bricks 20/.||1. -.-||48.12.7|
|To do do (up Stairs) 6/.||6.-||By Cash 1/|
|To 2 days labour at 2/6||5.-|
|To his note dated the 17th Jany 1789||33.10.|
|To Interest on the Note||22.15.10|
|£48. 7. 7||£48.12.7|
|1779||Colo William Finnie||Dr||1780||Per Contra||Cr|
|April||23||To Mortar 12/. & mending plastering, & Do poarch 38/.||£2. 2.||Februy||29||By Cash in full||£16.10.-|
|To ½ days attendants 6/. & Whitewashing 6 Rooms & 2 passages a 30/.||12. 6.|
|To Sundary work Done in (Novr 19th 1778) to amount||2. 2.10|
|Octor||28||To 2 loads of wheat straw a 21/6||2. 3.-||April||29||By Cash in full||£2. 3.|
|1784||th||1785||By a Chance in Raffeling for your Horse 20/||1. 0.-|
|Februy||26||To 1 barrel of Corn Sent 15/. for Colo Wm Finnie||.15.-|
|May||4||To whitwashing a Room 6/. & 1 ½ bushs of whitewash 1/.||7.-||Novemr||8||By 8 yds of Marsailes Quilting @ 7/9 bou at Sale||3. 2.|
|1786||By 10 Do of curranty[?]|
|July||14||To 3 bushs lime 3/. to Repairing Steps & plastering 7/6 & labr 2/6.||.13.-||@ 8||. 5.-|
|Novemr||17||To 13 bushels of lime a 1/. & 200 Bricks a 3/.||.19.-|
|To repairing Cellar Wall & Steps 12/6||12.6|
|To contracting Chimney 10/. & setting up marble Chimney peice 12/||1. 2.-||£4. 7.-|
|(Carried to Folio 100)||£4. 8.6|
|(Page)||100||Colo William Finnie||Dr||Per Contra||Cr|
|1786||th||Brought from Folio 8||£4. 8.6||Brought from Folio (8)||£4. 7.|
|Novemr||17||To 3 £ days labour at 2/6 & repairing plastering in ye Dining Room 1/3||8.9||1787||nd|
|January||2||By a Chance for a piece of linnin|
|1787||By a Chance in Rafeling for a piece of linnin||11.9|
|January||18||To 4 bushels of lime 4/. & 220 bricks 7/.||11.-|
|To 2 days labour 5/. & setting up a Grate with Septemr 16 By Cash to Ballance||2.18.3||1788|
|rubbed Bricks 24/||1. 9.-|
|To White-wash ./9d||-. -.9|
|May||26||To 6 bushels of lime 6/. & 100 Bricks 3/.||9.-|
|To 1 days labour 2/6. & repairing Well 7/6||10.-|
|Septemr||16||To a Certificate of impresed property Sent|
|||Colo Finnie in the Year 1787 (February 15th) for||£6. 5.-|
|This a/c disputed by Colo Finnie--rather he said bricks which my Father had from Diddup's old House was to be considered as a Contrabalance or full discount.--W.H.|
William Stith, President of the College of William and Mary (1752-1755), was the son of Captain John Stith and Mary Randolph, daughter of William Randolph of Turkey Island. He was educated at Queen's College, Oxford, receiving B.A. in 1727 and M.A. degree in 1730. He was ordained in England as a minister of the Episcopal Church. On his return to Virginia in 1731 he was elected Master of the Grammar School at the College in Williamsburg and as Chaplain to the House of Burgesses. Stith witnessed a codicil to Sir John Randolph's will on February 17, 1736. In July, 1736 Stith became Rector of Henrico Parish. While there at the Glebe at Varina he wrote his History of Virginia. He remained as Rector until 1752 when he became President of the College.
On May 17, 1738 William Stith married Judith Randolph, daughter of Thomas Randolph of Tuckahoe, Goochland County. Three daughters were born to them: Judith Stith who died in 1773; Elizabeth Stith who married c. 1760 Dr. William Pasteur of Williamsburg; and Mary Stith who died 1816 unmarried. In 1740 William Randolph, brother of Judith Stith, gave a deed to "William Stith, clerk of Varina Parish, Henrico County" for 2000 acres being a part of a tract patented by William Randolph May 20, 1740.
William Stith died September 19, 1755. Both the Virginia Gazette and The Maryland Gazette carried obituary notices of his death:
Williamsburg, October 3.
Friday, Se'night died the Rev. William Stith, A.M. and President of William & Mary College, a Gentleman of great Learning and Abilities, universally beloved by his Friends and Acquaintances, and whose Death is greatly lamented.
Sources used in compiling this sketch:
William Pasteur was the son of Jean (John) Pasteur, Huguenot emigrant to Virginia in 1700, and Martha Harris Pasteur. His father married first Mary [Blouet] and had John James, Mary, Lucretia, Blouet and the Reverend James Pasteur. By the second marriage were born William, Martha, and Ann who married Thomas Craig of Williamsburg.
The mother of William Pasteur was Martha Harris, daughter of Thomas Harris Sr. of Henrico County and Mary. Martha Harris Pasteur is mentioned in the will of her father in 1730; in the will of her brother, Francis in 1743 and in the will of her brother, Thomas Harris Jr. in 1741. Martha Harris Pasteur died 1746 leaving a will made in 1743 in which she mentioned her children, William, Martha and Ann. She bequeathed her son, William, a negro girl and appoints the Reverend Mr. Commissary Dawson, guardian of her son, William, under age. There was a small estate.
William Pasteur was apprenticed to Dr. George Gilmer in his apothecary shop in Williamsburg ca. 1752. In 1760 he had bought a lot from Henry Wetherburn on the north side of Duke of Gloucester Street which he used as an apothecary shop. From 1760 to 1775 he advertised imported medicines, supplies, and cordial, oils etc. In 1775 Dr. Pasteur formed a partnership with Dr. John Galt which lasted to 1778 when he conveyed the lot, buildings, instruments and supplies to Dr. Galt.
Around 1760 Dr. Pasteur had married Elizabeth Stith, daughter of the Reverend William Stith (decd 1755) and Judith Randolph of Tuckahoe. Mrs. Stith was noted in the local newspaper at the time of her marriage (1738) as "a young lady of considerable fortune." Thomas Randolph, father of Mrs. William Stith, at the time of his death in 1730 had 2400 acres in Goochland county and 27,200 acres in Henrico--taken out by patents from 1723-1728. He left a son, William, then under age and two daughters, Judith about six and Mary about four years of age. Randolph had built Tuckahoe. He bequeathed Tuckahoe to his only son 48 William. In 1732 Mrs. Randolph, the widow, was visited by William Byrd on his expedition to the Mines. In 1733 Mrs. Randolph married Nicholas Davies, merchant from Wales, then living in Henrico county. She died prior to 1743.
Dr. Pasteur and Elizabeth Stith Pasteur had only one child, William Stith Pasteur (born 1762) who died young. In 1768 Jefferson bought a violin from Dr. Pasteur.
Prior to 1779 Dr. Pasteur had moved out to his farm in the county from his home on Francis Street, Williamsburg. It looks as though he may have given up practicing medicine when he sold out to Dr. Galt in 1778/9. He advertised in 1779 from King's Creek, York County, as "oyster merchant able to deliver considerable quantities of open or in shells at my landing there." For 1779-1780 Dr. Pasteur paid James Anderson, blacksmith, Williamsburg, for repairs to his chariot (some six times), for plows, shoeing horses, oyster clamps and mending wagons etc--amounting to £257.17.9. Personal Property Taxes for York County (1782) give Dr. Pasteur as owner of 32 slaves, 9 horses, 60 cattle and 6 wheels. He continued to serve on the Board of the Eastern State Hospital until 1790 when he resigned just prior to his death in 1791.
By April, 1785 Dr. Pasteur was advertising for sale his Goochland farm of 800 acres and also the farm in York County of 630 acres with large brick house, two story with 9 rooms and 10 closets. Neither was sold and he moved back into Williamsburg to a house he had bought on Nicholson Street.
In 1787 Pasteur--whose financial status was quite different following the War years--gave a mortgage for £1048 to his sister-in-law, Mary Stith, which covered the 630 acres known as "The Farm." At this time he held only 15 slaves and 3 horses according to the Personal Property Tax.
In 1791 Dr. Pasteur died leaving a will in which he bequeathed his estate to his wife during her lifetime; then to be divided among his nephew, William; his niece, Ann Pasteur Smith, wife of Glanville Smith; and his sister Ann Pasteur Craig. Mrs. Smith inherited the Goochland County plantation. Nathaniel Burwell was named as executor. The York County farm was sold in 1803 to John Waller. Mrs. Pasteur died in 1792 without a will. Robert Anderson was administrator of Mrs. Pasteur's estate and of Mary Stith's estate, the only heir of Mrs. Pasteur.
In 1810 Pasteur's estate had not been settled. When finally settled in the early 19th century, the estate was practically insolvent. Benjamin Carter Waller, Williamsburg, wrote to Wakelin Welch of Robert Cary & Company, London merchants, in 1810 giving an estimate of Dr. Pasteur's assets from 1783-1793. He stated: "Dr. Pasteur died about the Year 1790 in possession of a considerable estate. He resided during his life sometime in the City of Williamsburg, & at others on his farm near that place, in County of York." Waller stated that Dr. Pasteur could have paid all his debts early in the years of the War or following had they been collected.
Sources used in compiling this sketch:
William Finnie was the son of Alexander Finnie who owned Porto Bello, York County 1758-1770.
Finnie attended the College of William and Mary in 1757. In 1762 he owed William Prentis £1800 with interest. In 1768 he advertised a plantation of his in King and Queen County of 200 acres for sale.
Finnie had married in 1763 Elizabeth Buckner of Gloucester County, a daughter of Samuel Buckner. She died in 1769. He had slaves baptized in Bruton Parish from 1764-1782. In 1764 he gave a mortgage on slaves in York County once the property of Samuel Buckner, his father-in-law. In 1765 Nancy Finnie, his daughter,was baptized.
In 1773 Dunmore issued an order for a land grant to William Finnie. (It was signed in 1774.) This land grant was for 6000 acres of land in Botetourt and Fincastle Counties: his services as surgeon's mate under Colonel Byrd--2000 acres; 2000 acres as heir to his father, Alexander Finnie; and 2000 acres as heir to his brother, John Finnie--all in the same regiment in 1763. (This warrant was paid in 1784.)
In March 1776 William Finnie was appointed Quarter-Master General of the Southern Department. This appointment--made March 28, 1776--lasted to the close of the Revolutionary War. In August 1776 Finnie married Betsey Chamberlaine of James City County. He was Mayor of Williamsburg 1783-1787, and member of Botetourt Lodge of Masons in Williamsburg.
During the War years Colonel Finnie lived in Williamsburg. In a list of heads of families for Williamsburg in 1782 Col. William Finnie is listed with 6 whites and 7 slaves. From 1779 to 1786 there were repairs and changes to the house of Finnie by Humphrey Harwood, local brick mason and builder. In the Williamsburg Land Tax Records William Finnie is charged with 2 lots--£4 (1782-1783) 3 lots--£6 (1784) and 2 lots--£4 (1785-1786). In 1787 Finnie's 2 lots were listed £27.
In September 1787 an account of John Carter Byrd with Henry Tazewell shows:
|Dr||John [Carter] Byrd in account with [Henry] Tazewell|
|To Colo Finnie for your house -----||£500. 0.0|
|To do for furniture in Edward's Bond --------||195.10.0|
|To do for your draft in Cash ------||26.17.0|
|Mar||Mr Byrd. Acct as it now stands Mar. 1788...Paid as follows|
|To Wm Finnie --------||£500. 0.0|
|To Finnie for Furniture ---------||195.10.0|
Byrd, evidently, bought the Finnie house in Williamsburg after May, 1787 and prior to September, 1787 for Colonel Finnie had advertised his house and lots for sale in May thus:
MY HOUSE & LOTS,
In the City of Williamsburg,
Where I now live, it is a beautiful situation, and has a lot on each side capable of improvement. Any person inclinable to purchase, may know the terms by applying to me on the premises, or in my absence to the Honourable JOSEPH PRENTIS, who I impowered to treat for the same. WM. FINNIE.
Williamsburg Land Tax records for 1788 list: "John Byrd of Wm. Finnie & Arch Diddup ---- 4 lots--£32." Diddip held 1 lot--£5 and Finnie held 2 lots--£27. Added together--£32.
During 1782-1785 Colonel Finnie's family was visited professionally by Drs. Galt and Barraud. Elizabeth Trebell Finnie, a daughter, was baptized, and Billy [a son] was visited by Doctors Galt and Barraud in September and October 1785. There were accounts with Benjamin Weldon for wood furnished the Finnie's in Williamsburg.
The Virginia Argus (Richmond) of October 24, 1804 carried a notice of the death of Colonel William Finnie:
DIED--On Thursday last, at Norfolk, in the sixty-fifth year of his age, Col. Wm. Finnie. His remains were interred with Masonic honors.
Sources used in compiling this sketch:
John Carter Byrd, was born January 27, 1751 to William Byrd III of Westover and Elizabeth Hill Carter, daughter of John Carter of Shirley. He attended William and Mary College 1768-1771.
Byrd married first Ann Harrison Randolph, widow of William Randolph of Wilton. John Carter Byrd married second Maria Taylor. Following his death in 1796, his widow married Archibald Bolling of Campbell County in 1797, and third Anthony Singleton of Williamsburg.
Byrd with his wife, Maria Taylor Byrd, purchased Kingsmill, James City County, in 1783 from Lewis Burwell(5). He kept it only a few months when he sold to Henry Martin of Tortola. Martin had not completed payment at his death, so Byrd recovered Kingsmill and sold it to Henry Tazewell, well-known lawyer of Williamsburg in 1787.
He was living in Williamsburg by 1788 as he paid personal property tax there.
A notice of his death appeared in The Virginia Gazette and Weekly Advertiser (Richmond) on December 12, 1796.
In Loyalist Claims "Reports of Wm. Hening Special Agent 1782-1803," (PRO/T 79/73 SR: 2837, p. 53 B.): "John Byrd Esqr owed £2.10 account lst Sept. 1775. He died near Wmsburg and left a good estate. per James Ladd, of Charles City. Write to B. B. Woodson, an agent at Wmsburg-Archibald Bolling married his widow."
Sources used in compiling this sketch:
James Semple was the son of the Reverend James Semple of Ayrshire, Scotland. His father came to St. Peter's Parish in 1755. The mother of James Semple was Rebecca Allen of New Kent County who married the minister in 1763. She died 1785 and The Reverend James Semple died in 1787. Children born to them were: Richard, Elizabeth, Mary who married R. B. Armistead, John, George who married Mrs. Holt and James who became Judge of the General Court of Virginia around 1809.
Judge James Semple was born September 7, 1768 and died in 1834. He was Law Professor at the College of William and Mary 1819-1831. He served for many years as a member of the Virginia General Assembly representing Williamsburg during the years 1801-1802, 1803-1809 and 1822-1823, and as a Vestryman at Bruton Parish Church 1827-1834.
He married in 1795 Anne Contesse Tyler who was a sister of President John Tyler and a daughter of Judge John Tyler. Mrs. Semple died in June, 1803. In 1805 Judge Semple married Joanna McKenzie, daughter of William McKenzie and Joanna Tyler McKenzie. The second Mrs. Semple died May 31, 1824. She was a niece of Dr. David Black of Blandford.
Judge Semple and his wife, Anne Contesse Semple, had the following children: John Tyler who married Betsy Pryor, James (1798-1846) married E. Miller, Mary C. (1799- ) married Joshua Storrs, Martha E. (1801- ) married Judge John B. Christian, and Maria and Ann C. died young.
Children of Judge Semple and his second wife, Joanna McKenzie were: Ann, Eliza, Rebecca (1807- ) married Robert Harrison, Joanna, Edward Armistead (1818- ) and Henry (1822- ) married Emily K. Jones 1848.
Judge Semple died in 1834.
Sources used in compiling this sketch:
John Beverley Christian, son of Robert and Mary Browne Christian of New Kent County, was born ca. 1794. He attended William and Mary College in 1816. He represented New Kent County in the Legislature and in 1832 was appointed Judge of the General Court representing several counties. He married Martha Semple, daughter of Judge James Semple and Ann Contesse Tyler, sister of President John Tyler. Three sons were born to this union: Robert, James and John Beverley Jr. who became lawyers and removed to Alabama; and one daughter, Martha who married John M. Mitchell.
In 1855 just a few months prior to his death, he bought Tazewell Hall from the heirs of Joshua Walker. Christian had a will but it was doubtless lost in 1865 in the destruction of the James City County records. However, it appears from references in other deeds that Christian bequeathed Tazewell Hall tract to his daughter, Mattie (Martha) Christian who afterwards married John M. Mitchell. In 1863 Mitchell and wife conveyed Tazewell Hall to John D. Munford.
Judge Christian died in 1856 and was buried at Oak Grove, New Kent County.
Sources used in compiling this sketch:
Mutual Assurance Society Declaration for Assurance No. 486
James Semple residing at Williamsburg in the county of James City … 1801 July 20th
"…My four buildings on the Back Street South of the old Capitol at Williamsburg now occupied by myself situated between the House of Robert H. Waller and that of Benj: Bucktrout…
The Dwelling house marked A at $1700 The Kitchen & Smoke House B at 100 The Office D&E 100 The Stable & Carriage House C at 100 $2000"
1806, June 11th
Mutual Assurance Society Declaration for Assurance No. 670
Revaluation per Declaration No. 486
James Semple residing at Williamsburg in the county of James City…
"My four Building on the South side of Francis Street in sd City now occupied by myself and situated between the Lott of Benjamin Bucktrout W and the Lott of Burwell Bassett East in the county of James City…
The Dwelling House marked A at $2665 The Kitchen marked B at 100 The Stable & Carriage House marked C at 200 The Office Marked B&E at 250 $3215
1823, April 28th
Mutual Assurance Society Declaration for Assurance No. 5035 Revaluation per Declaration No. 670.
James Semple residing at Williamsburg in the county of James City…
"My buildings on Francis Street between the lot of Burwell Bassett East and South, Bucktrout lot west an Francis Street north in the county of James City…
The Dwelling marked A at $2300 The Kitchen marked B at 150 The Stable & Carriage House Marked C at 100 The Laundry markd D at 150 $2700"
Mutual Assurance Society Declaration for Assurance No. 5036 of Buildings formerly declared for Assurance by James Semple per Declaration No. 670.
1823, April 28th
James Semple Junr the declare "my buildings … on Francis Street in Williamsburg situated between the lot of James Semple on the East, South and West, and Francis street north in the county of James City…
The office marked A at $300 $300"
1830, May 13th
Mutual Assurance Society Declaration for Assurance No. 7598 Revaluation per Declaration No. 5035
James Semple residing At Williamsburg in the county of James City…
"My buildings on Francis Street in Williamsburg now occupied by myself situated between the lots and lands of Burwell Bassett on the East and South—the lot of Bucktrout lot west an Francis Street north, and partly on the East by the lot of james Semple Jr in the county of James City…
The Dwelling marked A at $2300 The Kitchen marked B at 150 The Stable & Carriage House Marked C at 150 The Laundry markd D at 150 $2800"
Mutual Assurance Society Declaration for Assurance No. 7588 Revaluation of Building formerly declared per Declaration No. 5036 by James Semple Junr
1830, June 2.
James Semple Junr. Residing at James City in the county of James City…
"My buildings on Francis Street in Williamsburg situated between the lands and lots of James Semple on the East, South and West and the street on the north, in the county of James City…
The Office marked A at $300 $300"
Mutual Assurance Society Declaration for Assurance No. 10,996 Revaluation of Buildings formerly declared for Assurance by James Semple and James Semple Junr per Declarations Nos 7598 & 7599
John B. Christian the underwritten
(No date on policy)
"My buildings on my own land now occupied by myself and situated between the lands and lots of John M. Galt on the East and South, Richard E. Bucktrout on the west and Francis Street north, and partly on the East by the lot of James Semple Jr in the county of James City…
The Dwelling marked A at $3000 The Kitchen marked B at 250 The Laundry markd C at 350 The office marked D at 350 $3950"
Mutual Assurance Society Declaration for Assurance #14,380 Revaluation of Buildings formerly declared for Assurance by John B. Christian per Declaration #10,996
No date written in [probably 1846]
I the underwritten John B. Christian residing at Williamsburg in the county of James City do hereby declare for Assurance… my Buildings on my own land in Williamsburg now occupied by myself situated between the lands of Richard M. Bucktrout on the West, Goodrich Durfey on the East and Francis Street on the North in the county of James City…
The Dwelling marked A at $3000 The Kitchen marked B at 250 The Laundry markd C at 300 The office marked D at 350 $3900"
Mutual Assurance Society Declaration for Assurance #17,648 revaluation of Buildings formerly declared for Assurance by John B. Christian per Declaration #14,380
1853, November 29th.
I the underwritten George P. Scarburgh residing at Williamsburg in the county of James City do hereby declare for assurance… my buildings on Frances Street now occupied by myself situated between the lands of Goodrich Durfey on the East and Richard M. Bucktrout on the West in the county of James City…
The Dwelling marked A at $3000 The Kitchen marked B at 250 The Laundry markd C at 300 The office marked D at 350 $3900"
Mutual Assurance Society Policy #21,324 Revaluation of Buildings formerly declared for Assurance by George P. Scarburgh per Declaration #17,648
1860, December 31st.
I the underwritten James W. Custis & Clara H. his wife residing at Williamsburg in the county of James City do hereby declare for assurance…
Our buildings on Frances Street now occupied by ourselves situated between the land of Goodrich Durfey, on the East and R. M. Bucktrout on the West in the county of James City…
The Dwelling marked A at $3000 The Kitchen marked B at 250 The Laundry markd C at 300 The office marked D at 350 $3900"
Upon an appeal from a decree of the superiour court of chancery of Williamsburg, in a suit between Robert Anderson, administrator of Elizabeth Pasteur and executor of Mary Stith deceased, and the executors of Nathaniel Burwell deceased, who was the executor of William Pasteur deceased, a great many questions of fact, and several points of law arose, and were discussed. The points of law, and the state of facts on which they arose, were as follows:
I. Dr. William Pasteur of Williamsburg, who died in March 1791, by his will,---after empowering his executors to sell his lands in Goochland, and all the personal property at and upon the same, excepting slaves, and directing them to apply the proceeds of sale in the first place to the payment of his debts, and after some specific bequest of particular slaves, --- devised and bequeathed as follows: "I desire that my wife Elizabeth Pasteur may have and possess, during her life, all the rest and residue of my estate, whether real or personal. And, after her death, my will and desire is, that all my estate, both real and personal, shall be turned into money, by the most advantageous sale which my executors can make of it, and the amount thereof distributed in manner following, viz: I desire my wife, by her will or otherwise as she pleases, may have the absolute disposal of £500. thereof. I give my nephew William Pasteur, to be paid him when he attains to the age of twenty-one years the sum of £200. sterling other part, thereof. And it is my will and desire, after deducting the two last mentioned sums, that two thirds of the residue be paid to my niece Anne Smith for her own use, and the remaining third to my friend Nathaniel Burwell, for the use and benefit of my sister Ann Craig, to be always at her disposal, in such manner that her husband Thomas Craig and his creditors may have no power over it. I give to my wife the absolute property in my chariot. It is my will and desire, that, if the estate hereby before directed to be sold for the payment of my debts, should not prove sufficient for that purpose, whatever sum my other estate shall be called upon to make up, shall be deducted in equal proportions according to the sums devised in money, to my wife, to my nephew, to my niece and to my sister as aforesaid." The testator's widow, Mrs. Pasteur, died in the year 1792, intestate, and without having made any disposition, by any act in her lifetime of the £500. mentioned 2 in her husband's will; and her sister, Mary Stith, was her sole distributee.
And the question was, Whether the bequest as to the £500. contained in the will, was a legacy and gift of that sum to Mrs. Pasteur, or only gave her a power of appointment of so much, and that power having been no wise executed by her, this money fell into the residuum of the estate, for the benefit of the other legatees?
II. Dr. Pasteur, as has been mentioned, died in March 1791, and Mrs. Pasteur in 1792. Nathaniel Burwell, one of the executors named in Dr. P.'s will, proved it, and qualified as executor, in the hustings court of Williamsburg, at July term 1791. Shortly after he took upon him the administration of the estate, moneys to a large amount came into his hands, and remained in his hands for several years; the greater part of the debts of his testator being british debts, as to which there was, at first, a doubt whether or no they were recoverable, and then they were to be ascertained and liquidated. In October 1810, the hustings court of Williamsburg appointed commissioners, to audit, state and settle, his accounts of administration of his testator's estate; and, in stating the accounts, the commissioners did not charge the executor with interest on the balances annually appearing to have been in his hands, and to have remained for several years applied to the debts of his testator, which debts were, however, paid in the sequel, with the interest that had accumulated upon them. The accounts so settled, shewed a balance due the executor. The commissioners reported their settlement of the accounts to the hustings court, and the court, at November 1810, ordered it to be recorded. At the time the accounts were thus audited, reported and recorded, no person had ever taken administration of Mrs. Pasteur's estate. But her sister and sole distributee, Mary Stith, was living, and living at Williamsburg. Mary Stith died in 1816, having made a will, in which Anderson was appointed her executor, who qualified as such in the same year. Anderson, as the executor of Mary Stith, exhibited his original bill in this cause, against the executors of Burwell, who was the executor of Dr. Pasteur, in the year 1818; and the case stated in that bill, shewed, that he was, in that character, entitled to demand a resettlement of Burwell's accounts of administration of Dr. Pasteur's estate, if the accounts stated and reported by the commissioners of the hustings court, were unjust; 3 and he alleged matters to falsify and surcharge them, and, in particular, objected to the omission of all charge against the executor, for interest. In 1822, Anderson took administration of Mrs. Pasteur's estate, which till then had remained wholly unrepresented; and then, in this character, he exhibited another bill against the executors of Burwell, who was the executor of Dr. Pasteur, claiming among other things, the £500. bequeathed to his intestate Mrs. Pasteur, by Dr. Pasteur's will, which he alleged had never been paid, and which, certainly, was not charged in Burwell's accounts of administration, settled and reported by the commissioners of the hustings court, as having been paid; and again surcharging and falsifying the account so settled, and objecting to the omission of all charge against the executor, for interest. It appeared, that there had been several dealings, from time to time, between Burwell, the executor, and Mary Stith, during her life: she had contracted a debt to him, and given her bond to him for it, which remained unpaid at her death. And upon this part of the case, several questions were raised.
The other judges concurred in the opinion of the president, on all the points; and a decree was entered accordingly, reversing the chancellor's decree, declaring the principles on which the interest account of the executor should be stated, correcting the accounts also as to various matters of detail, and remanding the cause &c.Reports of Cases Argued and Determined in the Court of Appeals, and in the General Court, of Virginia, by Benjamin Watkins Leigh, Vol. III, pp. 348-365. (Richmond, 1900.)