Shields Tavern Historical Report, Block 9 Building 26B Lot 25Originally entitled: "Facts and Assumptions about Shields Tavern"

Pat Gibbs


Colonial Williamsburg Foundation Library Research Report Series - 1139
Colonial Williamsburg Foundation Library

Williamsburg, Virginia


February 25, 1986
To: Operating Tavern Committee
Shields' Tavern Task Force
Mr. Marley Brown III
Mr. Edward Chappell
From: Pat Gibbs
Subject: Facts and Assumptions about Shields Tavern

This memorandum and the accompanying charts have several purposes:

  • to set Shields' Tavern within the context of other mid-eighteenth-century Williamsburg taverns;
  • to introduce the members of James Shields' family who lived at the tavern;
  • to offer assumptions about room use at the tavern operated by John Marot around 1710 and later by his son-in-law James Shields around 1750; and
  • to chronicle documentary evidence relating to the building through the 1770s and summarize property ownership from 1708-to 1928.

Except for information on individuals taken from the York County Project files, sources not otherwise identified appear on the charts attached to this memorandum, Copies of John Marot's and James Shields' inventories and Peter Powell's 1813 insurance policy are also attached.

1. Shields Tavern and His Family:

At mid-century there were about seven licensed taverns in Williamsburg. Shields' Tavern catered to the lesser gentry and upper middling ranks of locals and travelers. The gentry generally frequented the Raleigh and Wetherburn's at this period.

The operating tavern will reflect the period around 1750 when James Shields owned the property, kept the tavern, and lived there with his family. At this time the family consisted of:

  • James Shields (b. early 1700s, d. fall of 1750), husband and father 2
    • 1.Married about 1730 Elizabeth Cobbs (b. 1704, d. 1737) and had daughters Elizabeth (eldest, married before December 1751), Frances (not mentioned in her father's will, so possibly dead by 1750), and Hannah (youngest)
    • 2.Married about 1738 Anne Marot Ingles (b. early 1700s, d. sometime after August 1769), widow of James Ingles (d. by June 1733)
  • Anne Marot Ingles Shields, wife and mother
    • 1.Married about 1730 James Ingles (d. by June 1733) and had daughters Elizabeth (b. early 1730s, d. 1737) and Judith Bray (b. about 1734, d. after 1774)
    • 2.Married about 1738 James Shields (d. 1750)
    • 3.Married 1751 Henry Wetherburn (d. 1760)
  • Judith Bray Ingles (about 17, married about 1752 William Armistead (d. by 1762), daughter of Ann Marot by her first husband
  • Hannah Shields (about 15), daughter of James Shields by his first wife
  • James Shields (about 11), son of James and Anne Shields
  • Anne Shields (age 8), daughter of James and Anne Shields
  • Christiana Shields (age 5), daughter of James and Anne Shields

The number of slaves at the tavern at this period is unknown. In addition to the tavern property, Shields owned nearby plantations on Mill Swamp,and at Skimino. His twenty-five slaves were dispersed among the three locations. Assuming members of Shields family did some work at the tavern, three or more able adult slaves would be adequate to staff the tavern. Because of the domestic nature of tavern work, it is likely that most of the adult slaves were women.

2. Archaeological Evidence Noted in the "Archaeological Survey of Foundations on Marot's Ordinary" (dated 24 June 1954):

Foundations indicate that the structure without a basement fronting Duke of Gloucester Street at the middle of Lot 25 predates foundations of the larger structure, possibly adjoining, directly to the east (hereafter referred to as Building A).

The structure on the northeast corner of Lot 25 and northwest corner of Lot 26 had a large fireplace and hearth in the basement but the small addition to the east lacked a basement (hereafter referred to as Building B).


3. Eastern Addition (Building B):

When James Shields (the first of three generations of owners of the property with this name) sold Lot 25 to John Marot in early 1708, it only included Building A. Some time after buying a forty-foot square area in the northwest corner of Lot 26 in July 1708, Marot built Building B directly adjoining or nearly adjoining Building A. The basement fireplace was located on Lot 26. Building B apparently survived until destroyed by fire in 1858. How late into the nineteenth century Building A stood is unknown.

Whether the two structures were originally connected so persons could walk from one into the other is not clear from archaeological evidence. However, the wording of John Draper's lease suggests the structures were connected by 1770. To simplify discussion in this memorandum I am assuming the structures were connected by 1750 when Shields owned the property.

4. Shed Additions (Buildings A and B):

Archaeological evidence suggests that sheds were added at the rear of both structures in the third period of construction—undoubtedly by 1717 since Marot's inventory notes "Sundry Goods Kitchen Shed."

5. Keepers and Customers of the Tavern, 1709-1752:

Marot as Tavernkeeper, 1705-1717: In November 1705 Marot received the first of many annual licenses to keep a tavern in Williamsburg. The location of his business until early 1709, assuming Building B was completed by then, is unknown. This was a period of rapid growth for the capital. By 1709, Marot's Tavern was well located downtown and of sufficient size to accommodate locals and travelers with food, drink, and lodging, as well as to provide meeting places for visiting, gaming, or conducting business. In addition to the public room, Marot's inventory suggests that the tavern had several small rooms on the first floor where persons might gather privately. William Byrd's diary records that he and other members of the gentry frequented Marot's and the coffeehouse (location unknown) in 1710 and 1711.

The Tavern, 1718—the Early 1740s: It is likely that after Marot's death the tavern clientele shifted from the well-to-do to the middling ranks of society.

Shortly after Marot's death his widow married Timothy Sullivant. In the spring of 1718 Sullivant obtained an ordinary license but by 1721 he turned the business over to his wife. Anne Sullivant kept the tavern until about 1738 when she moved to Amelia County and began living with her daughter Edith and her son-in-law Samuel Cobbs. Beginning in August 1738 John Taylor operated the tavern for several years.


The Tavern, Early 1740s through 1750: After Mrs. Sullivant's death in 1742 her one-third share of John Marot's estate was divided between their three daughters, one of whom married James Shields about 1738. Shields, assisted by his wife Anne, had operated the tavern for sometime before May 1745 when they purchased the property from Anne's sister Edith and her husband Samuel Cobbs. James Shields continued to keep the tavern until his death in late 1750.

The Tavern, 1750-1752: Anne Shields kept the tavern from late 1750 until she married Henry Wetherburn in July 1751. Several months later Wetherburn advertised the tavern for rent.

By October 1751 Daniel Fisher operated the tavern but his business was short lived. Only Fisher referred to this tavern by the name, the English Coffee House. By February 1752, Fisher gave up tavernkeeping but continued to live in Building B and also operated a grocery store there. The store may have been located in the small eastern addition. Fisher divided Building A into tenements.

After early 1752 the building ceased to be used as a tavern.

6. John Marot's and James Shields' Inventories:

Both inventories were recorded in the York County Court: John Marot's appraised inventory was taken 29 January 1717/18 and James Shields' unappraised room-by-room inventory was presented in court by his widow on 21 January 1750/51.

Although the items in Marot's inventory were not listed by room the following locations in the tavern and elsewhere on the property are specified:

  • sundry goods in the "Cuddy" (The Oxford English Dictionary notes cuddy as a variation of cubby, a small room or closet.);
  • sundry goods in the closet;
  • sundries in the milk house;
  • lumber in the yard;
  • sundry goods in the billiard room;
  • iron work in the kitchen chimney; and
  • sundry goods in the kitchen shed.

Shields' inventory lists the following rooms in the tavern in this order: parlor, hall, upstairs, lower room, upstairs, shed, bar, garden room, chamber and kitchen, upstairs, closet, cellar &c.


The nearly comparable number of fully outfitted beds, tables, chairs, and pairs of andirons in the two inventories provides further evidence that the tavern was nearly, if not, as large in Marot's period as during Shields' occupancy:

Marot's InventoryShields' Inventory
Bedsteads (fully outfitted):1314
Chairs:about 50, 1 couch, plus 12 stools60
Game tables:Reference to billiard room but total value of goods (£3) suggests no billiard table at tavern when Marot died.2 backgammon tables 1 billiard table (Fisher's diary notes the billiard table was sold to William Byrd II for £35.)
Andirons (iron dogs):5 pair, plus iron work in kitchen chimney5 pair, plus 1 old iron dog

Neither inventory was taken immediately after the death of the head of the household. John Marot died before mid November 1717 but his personal effects were not inventoried until 29 January 1717/18. James Shields died sometime between 17 September and 19 November 1750 but the inventory of his personal effects was not presented in court until 21 January 1750/51. Although it is less likely that large items were moved, it is quite possible that some furnishings listed in the two inventories were moved about in the interim.

The appraisers of Marot's inventory began by listing chamber furnishings. Thereafter the listing appears to be jumbled but includes enough furnishings for a public room and several smaller private rooms on the first floor of Building B. Marot's cellar was well stocked with a variety of alcoholic beverages and his kitchen contained sufficient utensils to prepare both simple and elaborate meals.

Although Shields' inventory is by room, like most inventories it has some peculiar combinations of items. The person taking the inventory began downstairs in the parlor, went into the hall, then upstairs, then downstairs to the lower room, then upstairs again, presumably to the room directly above the lower room. Next, first floor rooms at the rear of both buildings were inventoried: the shed, bar, and garden room. The next group of rooms inventoried were in Building A: chamber, kitchen, upstairs, and the closet (located on the first or second floor). Then he or she inventoried the basement under Building B. The inventory concludes with a listing of items at the quarter—including 6 25 slaves (some of whom were no doubt in town). Whether the reference to the quarter refers to Shields' plantations at Skimino or Mill Swamp or another location is uncertain.

When the inventory was made the only alcoholic beverages listed were "41 Rennish", presumably bottles of German wine. This single listing for alcoholic beverages in a tavern inventory is unusual. Was the inventory of the cellar complete as turned in or as later recorded into the court records? No further inventory was later presented to the court as occurred in settling Marot's estate. Since it was customary to only list items belonging to the deceased, any items at the tavern belonging to others were deliberately ignored by the inventory taker. Thus, if Mrs. Shields had resupplied the cellar with an assortment of alcoholic beverages after her husband's death, they would not have been inventoried.

Further references to Shields' inventory are included in Section 7.

7. Rationale for Room Locations at Shields Tavern:

My assumptions for room locations at the tavern around 1750 are based on early archaeological evidence, Shields' inventory (and to a lesser extent Marot's inventory), and the general functions of rooms at early Virginia taverns.

Building A

Kitchen: Most likely both Marot and Shields used the same room, the large room at the east end of Building A, for a kitchen. The fact that Shields' inventory lists items in the chamber and kitchen together suggests that the rooms were adjoining. Like Marot's, Shields' kitchen was well supplied with utensils for preparing a variety of meals.

Although the size of the excavated basement fireplace under Building B suggests it was intended for cooking, references in Marot's inventory to ironwork in the kitchen chimney and the kitchen shed rule out the likelihood that Marot's kitchen was located in the basement. At a time when kitchens occasionally burned, having a large fireplace in the basement of the tavern which could be used for cooking if needed may indicate a preventive measure on Marot's part.

Chamber: I assume the chamber was directly west of the kitchen. Archaeological evidence does not locate a fireplace in this area. The first items under the combined heading of chamber and kitchen in Shields' inventory—beds, tables, an old trunk—are typical of chamber furnishings. The next items, could have been located in either room. When the persons taking the inventory moved from the chamber into the kitchen is not clear. A silver watch, for instance, is listed between a coffee mill and 2 iron spits.


Shed: Since archaeological evidence indicates an addition at the rear of Building A and Marot's inventory refers to the kitchen shed, I assume the shed listed in Shields' inventory was located south of the kitchen and chamber. Assorted objects listed in this area—candlesticks, flat irons, stillyards, a pair of iron dogs—represent items used daily, occasionally, and seasonally. As there was no fireplace in this room the iron dogs were undoubtedly in storage.

Undoubtedly there was a rear door opening onto the service yard somewhere along the south wall of Building A.

Building B

Hall: Both its function as the public room of the tavern and the amount of furniture in Shields' inventory, compared with what is listed for the parlor, imply this was the large room with a fireplace at the east end of the tavern.

Since it is unlikely the tavern had a center passage, this room probably extended far enough west so that the front door, located at the front center of the building by archaeological evidence, opened into the hall. The bar was probably off the southeast corner of the hall. Other doors probably opened off this room to the bar, the garden room, the parlor, and the garden and service yard.

Parlor: I assume the parlor was directly west of the hall. Shields' inventory does not list fireplace accessories and archaeological evidence does not clearly indicate a fireplace in this room. It may have been possible to enter the kitchen through a door on the west wall. Its name suggests this space functioned as a private room. The furnishings of the parlor roughly correspond to those in the private Bull Head Room at Wetherburn's Tavern.

Lower Room: This small eastern addition may have been added after Marot's death. Daniel Fisher's diary (April 1754) notes that there was only about four feet of ground between Nathaniel Walthoe's house and the east end of Fisher's house.

This space is most likely the "Lower Room" in Shields' inventory, possibly so called as the previous room listing is for items upstairs. Furnishings suggest this room and the room above served as public lodging space during Shields' occupancy. The room probably had both front and rear entrances but may not have had a door opening into the hall. The inventory lists only one piece of fireplace equipment, an old dog, in this room. Archaeological evidence does not clearly indicate a fireplace in this room.

Bar: This small room, adjoining the hall, was probably located over the rear bulkhead in the southeast portion of the shed. This location gave ready access from the public room to the bar and contained sufficient space to accommodate the number of items listed in the bar in Shields' inventory. It is possible that there was also access through a trap door to the cellar directly below.

If the bar was located here, there would still be space west of the bar for a door exiting from the hall to the garden and service yard.

Garden Room: This room was probably located in the shed addition south of the parlor. The name suggests the room faced the tavern garden. Both inventory and archaeological evidence indicate that the room had a fireplace. The furnishings suggest this was a private room which served as both a meeting and lodging room. The three pairs of window curtains suggest this was a corner room possibly with two windows on the south wall and one on the east overlooking the rear entry to the building. This room probably had a door opening into the hall.

Billiard Room: Although the location seems unusual, the billiard room mentioned in Marot's inventory may have been located in the cellar under the hall. This area would have been cool in the summer and warm in winter. If the basement became too damp, a fire could have been lit to remove excess humidity. Fireplaces at the Public Record Office were occasionally lit in the summer for this purpose.

Shields' inventory locates "1 Billiard Table and Balls, 1 New Cloth for Do." under the heading "Cellar &c.". Items under this heading fall into several groupings but the billiard table appears near the top of the listing. I assume the "&c." refers to the wagon, cart, 2 chairs (presumably riding chairs), wheelbarrow, and 8 horses listed at the end of this heading. Archaeological evidence indicates that the cellar was divided into several spaces: the large room on the north with a fireplace, a smaller area on the south divided by the bulkhead entry, and a room under the southwest part of Building B.

Upstairs: The space above the hall and parlor was probably divided into at least two rooms. However, Shields' inventory suggests that, with the exception of 14 new leather chairs, the area was used for storage or was temporarily vacant. Another possibility exists and should be considered—that Shields rented out one or more rooms to private lodgers who supplied their own furniture. Although lodgers generally rented furnished rooms, other terms could have been arranged.

8. Assumptions about Possible Degree of Architectural Embellishments at the Tavern, 1709-1750:

Although surviving documentary evidence gives no specific references to architectural embellishments, the size of Marot's Tavern this early in the eighteenth century implies he aimed to attract gentry-level customers. References showing that William Byrd II frequented Marot's prove he succeeded.


By law the public room of a colonial Virginia tavern sold food and drink to the public—anyone who came in off the street. Maximum rates charged for these basic services, for public lodging, and for stabling horses, were set by the local county or hustings court. Keepers of large taverns could also accommodate customers seeking special food and drink in private rooms for social gatherings, business purposes, or for lodging privately. Local competition and the ability of a tavern-keeper to satisfy these demands determined prices for additional services.

Thus the public room may have had fewer architectural embellishments than other first floor rooms which more well-to-do customers might rent for short or long periods during the day for days or weeks at a time.

For a guide to activities and details of how the public room of a mid-eighteenth-century Virginia tavern such as Shields' might have been furnished, see John Greenwood's painting, "Sea Captains Carousing in Surinam" (c. 1752-1758). The Foundation Library has slides, including details, of this painting at the St. Louis Art Museum .

Because of the shift in clientele from the gentry to the middling ranks of society, it is not likely that Building B received much, adornment, except for necessary repairs, between 1717 and 1750.

When Marot purchased Building A in 1708, the dwelling erected several years earlier on the middle of Lot 25 most likely contained two rooms on the first floor: the hall, a large room on the east with a large fireplace, and a smaller unheated room on the west. Archaeological excavations indicate that the fireplace was on the east side of the building. Sometime before 1717 Marot added a shed addition at the rear.

The fact that this building had no cellar and only one fireplace suggests it lacked pretension from the beginning. From about 1709 through 1750 it served the practical function of the tavern kitchen with the family's chamber in the adjoining room to the west and storage in a shed at the rear of the building. One or two rooms on the second floor probably served as sleeping space for the children.

9. Architectural Changes, 1751 to the 1770s:

Soon after he leased the property in 1751, Daniel Fisher divided Building A into several tenements which he sublet. We do not know any specific details of Fisher's renovations but he may have divided several rooms and made other changes to Buildings A and B and the outbuildings on the property—including erecting or moving fences. It is possible that the renovations included putting a balcony on the front of Building A.

In August 1770, then owner William Goodson leased to farrier and blacksmith John Draper (who had occupied this part of the property for nearly a year) the western end of Building A "consisting of two Rooms a Kitchen and a Shed on the Ground Floor and two Rooms above Stairs together with a Blacksmiths 10 Shop behind the same. Also one half of the Garden and such part of the Stable as shall be hereafter immediately laid off for his Use and one of the Cellers under the Dwelling House," (Building B). Goodson reserved the "Liberty of pulling down the old Balcony at the front of the said premises whenever he pleases to do so." If the garden had not been divided by a fence during Fisher's occupancy, a fence was probably erected about 1770.

In June 1772 Goodson leased to Dr. John de Sequeyra 3 rooms at the east end of his dwelling (Building B) with "the Cellar under the same except one room" and the "Rooms above with the Passages and every part of the House aforesaid which lies to the Eastward ... with the small yard adjoining thereto and all Houses Kitchens and Buildings," except the small shop on the east rented to tailor Thomas Craig, and one half of the garden and free use of the well. At this time Dr. de Sequeyra's kitchen was apparently located in a separate outbuilding—possibly directly south of the shop where early archaeologists located a chimney and partial foundations for an outbuilding.

The passages quoted above from Goodson's leases to John Draper and Dr. John de Sequeyra suggest that Buildings A and B contained more rooms than appear in Shields' inventory taken twenty years earlier.

Although I have tried to anticipate and answer questions likely to arise with reference to Shields' Tavern, I may have raised additional questions. I stand by and will attempt to provide further information if necessary.

The following items are attached to this memorandum:

  • 1.Charts giving sources and summarizing documentary references to Lots 25 and the northwest corner of Lot 26
  • 2. John Marot's inventory (taken 29 January 1717/18)
  • 3. James Shields' inventory (presented in court 21 January 1750/51)
  • 4. Peter Powell's 1813 insurance policy


cc:Mr. Harry BradleyMrs. Mary Jamerson
Mr. Gregory BrownMs. Betty Leviner
Mr. Cary CarsonMs. Deborah Lundeen
Mr. Rex EllisMr. Dennis O'Toole
Mr. William GrahamMs. Lou Powers
Ms. Liza GuslerMr. Orlando Ridout V
Mr. Thomas HigginsMr. Mark R. Wenger
Mr. Ronald Hurst
1a, 1b


Through 1751, the year tavern keeping ceased at this site, references are fairly detailed and include all documentary references to Lots 25 and 26 with some additional information about persons who owned or occupied the site. For the period 1752 through 1928, except for specific building details, references are less detailed.

___-1708?Lot 25Trustees Williamsburg to James Shieldspossibly Shieldstailordwelling/tailor's shop
1707/8 24 Jan.
York County DAB(2) 262-264
"with all Houses", for £50 sterling
1705 Marot granted first ordinary license, renewed annually
Lot 25Shields to John MarotMarot & his familytavernkeepertavern/dwelling
1708, 24 JulyDAB(2)295For £5, 40 foot square area bounded N by Duke of Gloucester Street, W by Lot 25, S & E by Robertson's lotsLot 26 (40 foot square area NW corner of lot)William Robertson to John Marot"""
1712/13, 16 Mar.DAB(2)413-414For L3 lots W of jail, N side of Nicholson StreetLots 274, 275, 276 & 277Trustees to John Marot???
1714, 17 MayDOW(14)323In early 1714 or before, Richard King did carpentry work at Marot's house totaling £46..7..6 - perhaps making considerable repairs or additions to the tavern.
1715DAB(3)91-92 D(6)432-434Acquired Lot 802, not on early 19th century plats, eventually reverted to the trustees; in 1762 granted to James Shields (3).Lot 802trustees to John Marot???
1717DAB(3)188-189For £40, Lot 56, N side of Duke of Gloucester St., opposite Marot's houseLot 56Thomas Jones, etc. executors of William Wharton to John Marot???
2a, 2b
1717, before mid-Nov.OW(15)169-171Marot died. Francis Sharpe was suspected of murdering Marot. Records of the Oyer and Terminer Court have not survived but since Sharpe was granted an ordinary license in 1718, he was probably exonerated. Marot's will mentions his wife Anne, daughters Edith , Anne and Rachel (all under age 21 when he wrote the will 31 Aug. 1717). Anne Marot received life rights to the property which ultimately descended to their daughters.
1718OW(15)242-246Items in Marot's inventory suggest a large, well-furnished establishment with 13 fully equipped bedsteads plus extra mattresses, 19 tables, about 50 chairs plus 12 stools, accessories for 5 or 6 fireplaces besides "The Iron work in the Kitchen Chimney" and specific reference to "Sundry goods in the Cuddy," "The Billiard Room," the "Milk House," and the "Kitchen Shed".
1717/18, 17 Mar.OW(15)249Sometime before the date he obtained an ordinary license, Timothy Sullivant married Anne Marot.Lot 25 & NW corner Lot 26Marot's estateTimothy & Anne Sullivant and her childrenTavernkeeperTavern/dwelling
1718, 10 Nov.DAB(3)267"Along Sullivant's poles to his corner post on the Main Street"—mentioned in deed to adjoining lot to the E sold by William Robertson to John Brown. This suggests that sometime before 1717 Marot acquired the about 30 by 40 foot area directly south of the 40 foot square area purchased in 1708.
1721, 18 Sept.OW(16)75Anne Sullivant received an ordinary license."""""
1730, 18 MayOW(17)67Timothy Sullivant died before this date.""Anne Sullivant and her children""
3a, 3b
1738, 25 Aug.Virginia Gazette (Parks) 1 Sept. 1738, p. 4Sometime before late August Mrs. Sullivant stopped keeping the tavern and "retired to the country" - probably to the home of her daughter Edith and son-in-law Samuel Cobbs in Amelia County where she died in 1742.
1742, 19 Nov.Amelia County Will Book(1)19
1738, 1 Sept.VG (Parks) 1 Sept, 1738 p.4John Taylor announced that he had taken over the tavern vacated by Mrs. Sullivant. How long he remained at this site is unknown. He left sometime before May 1745 when James and Anne Shields were operating the tavern. By mid 1746 John Taylor's tavern was located on Lot 44 where the Red Lion Tavern has been reconstructed.Lot 25 and NW corner Lot 26Marot's estateJohn TaylorTavern keeperTavern/dwelling
D(5) 132-133 Copy of 2 June 1746 lease to lot on Market Square, in Special Collections, CWF Library
1745, 4 MayD(5) 132-133Sometime before this date James and Anne Shields and their family (5 children) moved into and began operating the tavern. The Shields' last child, Christiana, was born that December. """""
Since 1741, when he was appointed, Shields had been surveyor for York County [WI(19)12].
1745, 12 JuneVG(Parks) 6 June 1745, p.3Notice of sale of young female slave at "Mr. James Shields's House"
1745, 28 OctLand Causes (1746-69), 1-8Gambling incident at Shields' Tavern involving pair of dice handed to John James Hughlett "through a Window or hole in the Wall of the West end of the room where the deponent (George Holden) and the rest of the company" were playing hazard.
1750, before 19 Nov.JO(1) 366-367James Shields dead by this date. Last
court appearance 17 September 1750.
4a, 4b
1750, 17 Dec. WI(20) 195Shields' will (dated 19 Dec. 1747) mentions his wife Anne, daughters Elizabeth and Hannah [by his first wife Elizabeth (d. 1737)], son James, daughters Anne and Christiana, step-daughter Judith Bray Ingles; plantations at Skimino and on Mill Swamp and horses and lots in Williamsburg; slaves including Simon Belinda, Juba; his wagon and horsesLot 25 & NW corner Lot 26Shields' estateAnne Shields and her childrenTavernkeeperTavern/Dwelling
When Shields wrote his will he was concerned that the seat of government might be moved from Williamsburg. He bequeathed his daughters Elizabeth and Hannah £50 each Virginia currency provided the capital not move. He bequeathed his daughters Anne and Christiana £100 each Virginia currency with the same proviso. In both cases the daughters were only to receive on-half of the stated bequest if the capital moved within 10 years-reflecting his concern that the economic future of Williamsburg might be less favorable if the capital moved further west.
1750/51, 21 Jan.WI(20) 198-200Shields' unappraised inventory lists most items in the tavern by this room order: parlor, hall, upstairs, shed, bar, garden room, chamber and kitchen, upstairs, closet, cellar &c. Listed under the cellar heading are some items in the yard and/or stable, and livestock and other items at the quarters (presumably at Skimono or at Mill Swamp). Twenty-five unnamed slaves are noted but it is not possible to determine how many resided in town.
The inventory indicates a well furnished tavern with sufficient rooms to occupy a building of the full size determined by archaeological excavations.
5a, 5b
1751, 11 Jul.Diary of John Blair, 8W(1)8Widow Anne Shields continued to operate the tavern and live there with her children until July 1751 when she married Henry Wetherburn. This marriage occurred 10 days after the death of Wetherburn's first wife. Thereafter the Wetherburn's lived at and operated their business at his tavern.Lot 25 & NW corner Lot 26Shields' estateAnne Shields and her childrenTavernkeeperTavern/Dwelling
1751, 8 Aug.VG (Hunter) 8 Aug, 1751:p.3Shield's Tavern advertised for rent.
1751, Sept.Daniel Fisher diary in Louise du Bellet's Some Prominent Virginia Families, II, 751-811Daniel Fisher leased the property which he described as "a large house near the Capital...known by the name of the English Coffee House" for 3 years at L40 a year. Fisher claimed Wetherburn agreed to let him use the billiard table, "the best he said in the Country; upon my promise only to leave it in as good a condition as I found it" but within two days Wetherburn sold the table to William Byrd II for £35."Shields' estateDaniel FisherCoffee, tea, wine merchant and tavernkeeper (Oct. 1751-Feb. 1752)Store, dwelling, tavern
1751, Oct.VG(Hunter) 3 Oct. 1751, p.3 and 20 Feb. 1752, p.4Fisher advertised he had taken over the "Tavern lately kept by Mr. James Shields" but by early 1752 gave notice he had ceased tavern keeping and had "divers Rooms or Apartments to let, also a large Stable with Stalls for about Twenty Horses.""""merchantStore, dwelling, tenements
1751-1755Diary—see aboveFisher continued to retail coffee, tea, wines, and other merchandise and let out "into Tenements as much as amounted to Forty-six pounds a year, receiving also much the better and larger part for my own use.""""""
1754, 24 Apr.Fisher's account of a fire on the adjoining lot to the east notes that "between the west end of Mr. Walthoe's house and the east End of my house, was a void space of no more than about four feet". Fisher claimed his house sustained considerable damage from pillage by persons, who on the pretense of assisting Fisher, ran away with much of his merchandise and personal possessions and tore down his fences. Until the rope was cut, buckets of water were drawn from Fisher's well. Both before and after the fire, Fisher claimed that Wetherburn failed to make needed and promised repairs to the house or pailings in the yard. By spring of 1755 Fisher had also fallen out with his wife and slept "in a separate Building, detached from the rest of our Habitation."
6a, 6b
There is a gap in information about the occupancy of this property from 1755 until 1770. In the fall of 1760 James Shields (3), son of tavernkeeper James Shields (2), came of age and inherited the property.Lot 25 & NW corner Lot 26James Shields(3)???
1770, 27 AugD(8)76Sometime before August 1770 Shields sold the property to Williamsburg merchant William Goodson who leased to Williamsburg blacksmith John Draper at L22 annually for 7 years part of the tenement Draper presently occupied in the "west End of the House ... Consisting of two Rooms, a Kitchen and a Shed on the Ground Floor and two Rooms above Stairs together with a Blacksmiths Shop behind the same. Also one half of the Garden and such part of the Stable as shall be hereafter immediately laid off for his Use and one of the Cellars under the Dwelling House." Goodson agreed to make needed repairs and reserved "to himself the Liberty of pulling down the old Balcony at the front of the said premises whenever he pleases to do so.""William GoodsonJohn Draper (west end of house)BlacksmithDwelling/Blacksmith Shop
1772, 18 Jun.D(8) 236-238Goodson leased to Dr. John de Sequeyra at L30 annually for 7 years 3 rooms at the "East end of the large dwelling House on the said Lotts and adjoin the small Shop now occupied by Thomas Craig with the Cellar under the same except one Room thereof not in the use of the said John de Sequeyra and the Rooms above with the Passages and every part of the House aforesaid which lies to the Eastward ... with the small yard adjoining thereto and all Houses, Kitchens and Buildings except the small Shop aforesaid, which are Situate on any part of the lot ... together with one Half of the Garden on the said Lot and the free Use of the Well thereon." Goodson agreed to keep the house in "good tenantable repair. Fire, Storms and Natural decays only excepted.""
NW Corner Lot 26
William Goodson
Dr. Sequeyra (east end of house)
Thomas Craig (small shop at east end of dwelling)
Tailor's Shop
7a, 7b
1781, 31 Dec.WI(22)513William Goodson died sometime in 1781 and his widow Mary died early in 1782 leaving children - Anne (b.1776), William (b.1778) and Samuel (b.1780).Lot 25 & N@ corner Lot 26Goodson estateDr. Segueyra & other tenantsPhysician & ?Dwelling & ?
1782, 17 Jun.WI(22) 513-515
1780s-1790Humphrey Harwood Ledger B, 43-44, 110; Ledger C, 31Dr. de Sequeyra continued to lease part of the dwelling from Goodson's estate during the 1780s. Humphrey Harwood made a number of repairs to this and other property owned by the estate through 1790.
1799, 10 Sept. Virginia Gazette & General Advertiser 10 Sept. 1799This property, described as the house and lot "on the main street, near the capital" well calculated for a dwelling or store with a "small garden which may be enclosed at a small expense" was advertised for sale.
After 1800 the property was divided—presumably where the two adjoining structures met.
WESTERN SECTION (c.1803-1928)
1803Williamsburg Land Tax RecordsIn 1803 Phillip Moody purchased Lot 24 from James Davis and the Western portion of Lot 25 from Mary Goodson's estate. John Coke acquired this property in 1806.Lot 25 (western portion)Philip Moody???
8a, 8b
1806Williamsburg Land Tax RecordsWhen he insured buildings on his property in 1809 Coke's office was noted as being 18 feet east of his dwelling. Archaeological evidence locates the office on the NW corner of Lot 25.Lot 25 (western section)John Coke???
1809Mutual Assurance Policy #119""""Office
Sometime before 1813Mutual Assurance Policy (no number) taken out by Peter Powell, 29 Jan. 1813Thomas Sands identified as owner of property west of Peter Powell's dwelling."Thomas Sands???
1817Williamsburg Land Tax RecordsHenry P. Guthrie purchased 2 lots from Thomas Sands bounded N by Duke of Gloucester St., E by Peter Powell and including the small building referred to earlier as John Coke's office.Lot 24 & Lot 25 (west)Henry P. Guthrie???
1827-1831Williamsburg Land Tax RecordsRoscow Cole acquired Guthrie's property and sold it to Moses Sweeney in 1831."Roscow Cole???
1835-1866Williamsburg Land Tax RecordsRichard M. Bucktrout (d.1866) acquired Lot 24 and the far western portion of Lot 25 but Sweeney retained the mid portion."Moses Sweeney???
c.1861John S. Charles, "Recollections of Williamsburg" (c.1861), pp.54-55Remembered "a very old story-and-a-half frame house, with dormer windows. This old house (site of John Coke's office) was built on a brick foundation about four feet high and had a small porch on the front."Lot 25 (west)Richard M. Bucktrout???
1866, Mar.-1877Williamsburg Deed Book(1) 29-30Talbot Sweeney to Thomas J. Barlow house and part of a lot bounded N by Main St., E by Thomas Moss' estate, S by Back St., W by Bucktrout's lotLot 25 (middle)Thomas J. Barlow???
1867, Dec.-1879Ibid., p.111Thomas J. and Annie M. Barlow to Richard Cox—same bounds as above"Richard Cox???
9a, 9b
1879, Sept.-1885Ibid., p.510Richard and Matilda Cox to John M. Dawson and Gustavus Butt—N by Main St., E by William M. Taylor, S by Back St., W by Bucktrout's estateLot 25 (middle)John M. Dawson & Gustavus Butt???
1885, Oct.-1888Deed Book(2)240Gustavus and Emily Butt to John M. Dawson—Butt's share of property"John M. Dawson???
1888, Jan.Deed Book(2)258John M. and Elizabeth Dawson to L. Tyler Davis northern portion with house fronting 46'8 ½" on Main St. and running back 170'6"—bounded E by William M. Taylor, W by Bucktrout lot, S by Dawson's lotLot 25 (middle)L. Tyler Davis ???
1888, Jan.Ibid., p.252NOTE: A deed for the southern part of Lot 24 indicated that Dawson's back fence was 91'7" north of Francis St.
1889, Jan.Ibid., p.287L. Tyler and Virginia Davis sold a portion of the above property to Sarah A. Adams : the house and lot fronting 30'2" on Main St. and running back 100'5"—bounded E by William M. Taylor, W by Bucktrout lot, S by L. Tyler DavisLot 25 (middle)Sarah A. Adams???
1889, JulyIbid., p.308L. Tyler and Virginia Davis sold to Angelica C. Bacon the remainder of lot acquired from Dawson fronting 17' on Duke of Gloucester Street and running back 170' following Mrs. Adam's lot on E, running S 106', E 27'8" and then 64'—bounded N by Main St., E by Mrs. Adams' and Creasy 's lots, S by J.M. Dawson, W by Bucktrout lot.Lot 25 (middle)Angelica C. Bacon ???
1891, Jan. 1892, Dec.Ibid., pp.380 &467Sarah Adams sold to William T. Tilledge property acquired in 1889 from L. Tyler Davis and John and Angelica C. Bacon conveyed to Tilledge a parcel fronting 5' on Duke of Gloucester St. (lying between the Sweeney and the Bucktrout houses) and commencing 9'2" from the NW corner of the Sweeney House and running between parallel lines to J.M. Dawson's property. This 5' parcel was a portion of the Sweeney lot.Lot 25 (middle)William T. Tilledge???
10a, 10b
1928, JulyWilliamsburg Deed Book (13) p.__Rosa D. Tilledge, widow of William T. Tilledge, and their daughters Miriam Tilledge and Alice T. Kennard and Guthrie Kennard conveyed to W.A.R. Goodwin the parcel fronting 35'2" on Duke of Gloucester St. and running back 178' bounded N by Duke of Gloucester St., E by lot formerly belonging to Peninsula Realty Corporation, S by lot formerly belonging to John M. Dawson , and W by the former Macon property—all now property of W.A.R. GoodwinLot 25 (middle)W.A.R. Goodwin???
EASTERN SECTION (c.1806-1928)
By 1806Williamsburg Land Tax RecordsPeter Powell purchased 3/4 of a lot (presumably Lot 25 E and the NW corner of Lot 26) from Mary Goodson's estateLot 25 E & NW corner Lot 26Peter Powell???
1812Ibid.Thomas Sands acquired Lot 25W from John Coke. This land is the partial lot John Draper leased in the 1770s from William Goodson.Lot 25 WThomas Sands???
1813Mutual Assurance Society policy (unnumbered policy of Peter Powell dated 1813, Jan. 29)Sands is named owner of land on W in 1813 when Peter Powell insured his 40' x 30' dwelling with a 14' x 14' kitchen adjoining on the E and a smoke house S of the kitchen. The dimensions for the dwelling and kitchen are nearly identical to dimensions of foundations revealed by archaeology. Apparently Thomas Craig's 1772 tailor's shop had become Powell's kitchen by 1813. Lot 25 E & NW corner Lot 26Peter PowellPeter Powell and family?Dwelling
Early archaeology located two circles of brick S of Powell's kitchen and interpreted them as Marot's still house. Colonial Williamsburg reconstructed this outbuilding. Current archaeological investigations might consider whether the circles represent Powell's small house instead. There is no documentary evidence that Marot had a still house.
11a, 11b
1823Mutual Assurance Policy #5015Thomas Sands continued to own Lot 25 W John Coke reinsured his buildings in 1823.Lot 25 WThomas Sands???
1829-1833Williamsburg Land Tax RecordsChristiana H. Powell, widow of Peter Powell, taxed for Lot 25 E and NW corner of Lot 26Lot 25 E & NW corner Lot 26Christiana Powell???
1834-1849Ibid.Christiana Powell's estate taxed for above property"Christiana Powell's estate???
1850-1851Ibid.Peter T. Powell taxed for above property"Peter T. Powell???
1852Ibid.William W. Ware taxed for above property"William W. Ware ???
Mutual Assurance Policy #809A
William Blassingham's name appears on tax list. The following year he is listed as owner of property on W when William W. Ware insured buildings on Lot 26"William BlassinghamBlassingham?Dwelling
1858Williamsburg Weekly Gazette, 17 Mar. 1858The newspaper noted that William T. Blassingham's house burned last Saturday night.
1858John S. Charles, "Recollections of Williamsburg" (c.1861), pp.54-55Charles remembered that this house burned in 1858 and described it as a "long one-and-one-half story frame building, with dormer windows. The front door was close to the ground with just two stones for steps down to the street."
"To the windows on the lower floor of the Colonial structure, there were double 'shutters' made with panels like most of houses of that day."
12a, 12b
"This old house is well-remembered by the writer, who lived across the street from it when it was burned. After the fire the house now owned by Mr. Roberts was built and was occupied as a residence by a Mr. Moss, who erected on the site of the old dwelling, two large two-story shops, in which he manufactured carriages, buggies, wagons, etc. These houses were there when the Union host marched past, the bands playing 'Yankee Doodle' and 'On to Richmond', and when General McClellan made his headquarters in the 'Vest' house, which presented then very much the same exterior appearance as it today."
1861Williamsburg Land Tax RecordsThomas Moss acquired Blassingham's property. The house, presumably new, was valued at $1800 and the house and lot at $2200.Lot 25 E & NW corner Lot 26Thomas MossMoss and his familyCarriage makerDwelling/Shop
1865Williamsburg Deed Book(1)9After Thomas Moss died (early 1860s) a share of the property descended to his son William E. Moss. In 1865 when William and Roberta Moss granted their quarter interest by deed of trust, the property was described as bounded E by the lots William W. Vest and Dr. Galt, W by ___ Heller, N by Main St., and S by the back street.
NOTE: This is the first reference to ____ Heller.
1866Ibid., p.33Another deed of trust granted by William and Roberta Moss, dated 5 June 1866, gave identical bounds except that Thomas Barlow is named owner of property on the W.
1867, JuneIbid., p.85To secure further debts William and Roberta Moss granted to Sydney Smith trustee, their interest in the concern "called Harrell and Moss consisting of materials, carriages, carts, wagons, etc., and all the said William E. Moss' household and kitchen furniture not exempt from distress or levy by the statute law of the Commonwealth."Lot 25 E & NW corner Lot 26
13a, 13b
Note: See above reference dated 1858 from Charles' "Recollections of Williamsburg."
1870, Aug.Ibid., p. 223 also 352, 353
Abstract of Title dated 13 July 1928
William H.E. Morecock acquired the property formerly belonging to Thomas Moss. Note: Vernon M. Geddy, who prepared the Abstract of Title, believed this deed was irregular but since the transaction was never questioned felt that the "statute has run against any claim that my be asserted on account there of."Lot 25 E & NW corner Lot 26William H.E. Morecock???
Between 1873 and 1878Williamsburg Deed Book(1) 354-355 and 481-482;(2) 252John M. Dawson acquired the southern portion of this property—possibly running about 91' north from Francis St. as noted above in a deed dated 1 Jan. 1888.Lot 25 SJohn M.
Dawson and his family?Dwelling
1878Ibid.,1, p.481William and Virginia Morecock conveyed to William M. Taylor the property bounded N by Duke of Gloucester St., E by lots of W.W. Vest and John M. and Sally Galt, S by John M. Dawson, and W by Richard Cox.Lot 25 E & NW corner Lot 26William Taylor???
1884, Dec.Ibid., 2, p.137William M. and Eunice Taylor conveyed the above property to Bathurst D. Peachy, trustee, by deed of trust. Through failure of payment Phillip Creasy acquired the property in trust for Jacob Creasy and his heirs in 1886."
Bathurst D. Peachy, trustee
Phillip Creasy, trustee
1890, Aug. & Sept.Ibid.,pp.353-373Loyd H. Creasy acquired the above property from Phillip Creasy, trustee, and sold it a month later to Elizabeth King."
Loyd Creasy
Elizabeth King
1910Ibid.,6, p.110John C. King, who inherited the property from his sister Elizabeth, conveyed it to his wife, Eleanor L. King."
John C. King
Eleanor L. King
14a, 14b
1916, Apr.Ibid.,7, p.359Eleanor L. King, widow, conveyed the above property to Peninsula Realty Corporation.Lot 25 E & NW corner Lot 26Peninsula Realty Corporation???
1924, MayIbid.,10, p.284Peninsula Realty Corporation conveyed the above property to Sophia C. Wynne Roberts.Lot 25 & NW corner Lot 26Sophia C. Wynne RobertsSophia C. Wynne Roberts and L.W. Roberts?Dwelling
1928, MayIbid.,12, pp.513-514Sophia C. Wynne Roberts and her husband L.W. Roberts conveyed to W.A.R. Goodwin, reserving a life interest for themselves, property bounded N by Duke of Gloucester St., S by the Dawson lot, W by the to Tilledge lot, and E by the lots formerly owned by John M. Dawson and W.W. Vest.
York County Orders, Wills #15. 1716-1720, pp. 242-246
Inventory of the Estate of John Marott decd. as followeth Vizt.
To 1 bed & furniture£ 6. __.__
1 Do6.__.__
7 Cane Chairs1.3.__
1 Chest a Table & Some Duck1.__.__
1 pr. hand Irons__.5.__
2 Cattail beds & 1 feather Do5.10.__
2 feather beds & furniture13.__.__
1 Table Chairs & broom__.8.__
To Sundry goods in the Cuddy5.10.__
1 feather bed & furniture7.__.__
8 pr. Winder Curtains2.__.__
1 Trussel bed & furniture3.__.__
16½ Ells holland4.__.__
1 bed Cord__.1.6
1 bread basket__.1.6
16½ lb. Worsted1.10.__
2 Chests__.12.6
5 leather Chairs__.12.6
3½ Ells of Sheeting Canvass__. 7.6
1 Looking Glass2. __.__
2 Tables__.17.6
1 press & Severall things in it4.15.__
18 lb. of double-Refined Sugar1. 7.__
51 lb. of white powder Do2.__.__
1 pr. hand Irons1.__.__
3 pictures__.5.__
1 bell__.3.6
2 Sugar Potts__2.6
1 box Iron & heaters__.3.__
1 Table & Chestk1.2.6
4 Tables5.10.__
1 Napkin press1. 5.__
14 leather Chairs3.10.__
1 large looking Glass2.10.__
A parcell of Earthen Ware__.12.__
1 pr. hand Irons__.16.8
1 fire Shovell & Tongs__.2.__
1 Mugg & Pictures__.7.__
1 bed & furniture3.10.__
2 Gunns__.15.__
1 Spinning Wheel__.10.__
1 Table__.8.__
1 {Sertorn ?}__.15.__
1 Table & wood horse__.3.__
4 Chairs1. 4.__
2 beds furniture & Trussel4.10. __.
a parcell of Cotton__.6.__
1 Sett Curtains & Vallens & box3.__.__
1 old Duro & box1.11.__
1 Dagger__ . 5 .__
To Sundry things in a Duro1.10.__
1 Watch4.__.__
1 Jappanned Chest of Drawers Table bed looking Glass & Chairs25. __.__
1 bed & furniture8. __.__
1 Trussell__.7.6
2 Tables2.__.__
1 pr. hand Irons Shovel & Tongs__ .15.__.
A parcell of Earthen Ware__.12__
Glasses & China Cupps__. 7.6
4 Ells of Virga. Cotton3.__.__
2 ps. of Cherry Derrys2.10.__
3 ps. of Callico2.12.6
1 press bed1.10.__
1 dozn. of new Cane Stools1.10.__
2 old Chairs__.1.3
18 bed & furniture7.__.__
4 Chairs__.16.__
2 Mopps__.3.__
1 Table__.5.__
1 brush__.1.6
1 black Walnut Table__. 18.__
1 Couch bed1. 2.__
1 bed1. 5.__
2 pr. blanketts2. 4.__
1 bed2. __.__
1 Rugg1.__.__
1 bed4. __.__
1 bed & bed stead4.10.__
1 bed & furniture6. __.__
1 Chest of Draws4. __.__
1 dressing Glass__.7.6
2 Tables2.10.__
1 Carpet1.__.__
6 Cane Chairs1.10.__
1 Couch and Squob1. 5.__
1 Tea Table & Furniture1.15.__
1 pr. Money Scales__.17.6
1 Trunk__. 2.__
1 pr. Doggs Fire Shovell & Tongs__.15.__
To Sundry Goods in the Closet11. 4.__
1 Desk and Severall things in it2.10.__
To Do__. 9.__
To Do.3.
1 bed & furniture0.__.__
3 Trunks1.10.__
1 Chest of Draws1.__.__
7 pr. Ozna. Sheets2. 3.9
2 Chests & Boxes__.15.__
4 Chairs__. 7.__
1 Cotton hammock__17.6
a parcell of new Goods3. 5.6
53 pillowbers1.13.1 ½
Towells1. 2.__
To Do__.11.2
Table Cloths & Napkins37. 3.6
Sheets23. 3.__
1 pr. Tongs & bellows__.3.6
256 Ounces of Plate 5/670. 8.__
1 fire Shovell & Tongs__. 4.__
1 looking Glass & basket__.11.6
4 Oz. burnt Silver__.16.__
1 pipe of Sower Wine5.__.__
52 Gallons of Madera Wine7.__.__
22 bottles of Canary3.2.__
3 hhds. of Cyder3.__.__
4½ doz. of Red Port4.10.__
3 Doz. & 10 bottles of Sower Wine1.__.__
13 qts. of Rennish1.19.__
2½ Doz. & 1 pt. Do4 . 11.6
6 doz. & 4 bottles Rennish5.14.__
3 doz. & 7 bottles of Red Port3.15.__
1 doz. & 8 Do1.13.4
4 doz. & 2 Do4. 3.4
4 doz. & 4 Do4. 6.8
3 doz. & 2 bottles of White Lisbon3. 2.4
8 doz. of Red Port8.__.__
4 doz. & 2 bottles of brandy1.17.6
12 Pottles Bottles of french Do3.__.__
To Capt. Posfords Accot11.8.4
6½ Doz. Madera Wine4.__.__
3 Doz. of White Lisbon3.__.__
25 Gallons of French Brandy10.__.__
6 Doz. & 3 bottles of English beer2.15.__
4 Doz. of Bristoll Beer__.12.__
5 Gallons of Anniseed Water1.__.__
To Sundry Liquors & bottles__.19.__
1 box & 2 funnells__. 3.6
Corks & Molasses2.18.__
Sugar & pipes3. 5.__
1 pott of Tammarins & 1 hammer__.2.6
2 Casks__.4.__
8 doz. of Wine3.__.__
3 Cart hoops__.6.__
3 Skins__.9.__
1 Spade__.2.6
Currants Reasons & Lumber5.__.
1 Mopp1.6
1 ps. of Iron.1.
3 Casks__.15.__
To Sundry Goods2.__.__
A runlet of honey__.10.__
A Basket of Pipes__.5.__
1 Case__.5.__
1 Do__.2.__
3 Runletts__.4.__
11 Bottles of Lisbon__.18.__
1 punch Bowl__.1.6
4 doz. of Candle Moles4.__.__
3 Runletts__.4.__
3 Gross Pipes__.6.__
5 Gallons Pickel__.5.__
1 Box of {Rafles?}__.18.__
15 Pickle Bottles__.6.3
1 Raskin Do__.4.__
3 Juggs of Oyle__.10.__
4 Stone Juggs__.2.__
1 {Raskin?} Bottle__.4.__
4 Stone Juggs__.12.__
2 pr. {Farriers?} & 1 bottle Crane__.4.__
2 Iron Potts__.17.6
4 Narrow hoes__.5.__
1 Sett of Iron Wedges__.5.__
2 beds__.15.__
1 Pail__.8.__
Old Iron__.1.__
1 Negro man named Toney40.__.__
1 Mare & Colt2.__.__
1 Grindstone__.1.6
8 Head of Cattle11. 5.__
hoggs at the Quarter1. 2.__
1 Close stool 1 bed pan & 4 plates__.15.__
2 Oz. of Plate__9.__
1 Copper6. 8.3
3 doz. of drinking Glasses__. 15.__
1 Cart 4 horses & harness17. __.__
1 Grey Colt2. __.__
1 Small Grey horse3.10.__
2 Coach horses12. __.__
Mrs. Marrotts Riding horse6.__.__
1 Grey Mare & Colt1.10.__
1 Young black horse1.10.__
1 Young Mare & Colt3.10. __
1 Saddle__.10.__
Coach Harness4.__.__
10 Sheep3. __.__
Coach14. __.__
1 New Saddle & bridle2.10._
1 Saddle Pistoll & Sword1. 5.
1 Warming pan.10.
1 Table__. 7.6
2 Stills21.11.__
1 Trevett__.10.__
Lumber__. 5.__
1 Iron Pot__.13.4
13 Bushells of Salt 20d1. 1.8
2 Brass Kettles2.10.__
To Sundrys in the Milk house3. 9. __
Lumber in the yard__.10.__
To Sundry Goods in the Billiard Room3.__.__
1 New Brass Kettle5.11.8
100 lb. of old Pewter 8d3. 6.8
8 doz. of Plates 12/4.16.__
192 lb. of new Pewter 10d8.__.__
1 Jack1.__.__
3 Skillets qty. 34 lb2. 2.6
3 Do. brass1. 5.__
3 Copper potts__.10.__
3 Copper potts__.10.__
1 brass Sauce pan__. 4.__
109 lb. of new brass5. 9.__
41 of old Do1.__.6
1 Tea Kettle & Trevett__.12.6
1 pestle mortar & Chafing dish1.__.__
8 lb. Brass__.8.__
1 marble Mortar1.__.__
2 Grid Irons & other Irons__.8.__
3 pr. Candlesticks & Snuffers1. 2.6
4 pr. old Candlesticks__.10.__
2 Doz. knives & forks1.10.__
1 doz. Small patty pans__.3.__
3 brass Candlesticks__.2.6
5 Spitts__.17.6
The Iron-work in the Kitchen Chimney3.__.__
4 pr. pott hooks__.4.__
2 Iron Potts with {C C 1½?}__.8.3
3 Ladles & Scuers__.8.__
1 Iron Kettle 21 lb__.7.__
1 Turn Dish & Turn Plate__.7.6
1 Choppin knife__.4.__
3 frying pans__.3.__
To Sundry Goods Kitchen Shed1. 8.__
To Do1. 7.6
Knives & forks Old__.3. __
Su & her four Children85.__.__
Tom Brumfield6.__.__
Joseph Wattle3.__.__
£ 903. 6.1
3 Hoggs in Town1. 5.__
£ 904.11.

IN OBEDIENCE to Two Orders of York Court bearing Date December 16th and Janry. 2d. 1717/18. Wee the Subscribers having met at the House of John Marrott in Williamsburgh decd. & being first Sworn have appraised the Estate of John Marrott decd. which was brought before us by Mrs. Ann Marott Execrx. January 29th 1717/18.

{signed} Benjn. Weldon
James Hubard
Anne A. Morrott Henry Cary Junr.

Ann Sullivant Execrx. of the Estate of John Marott decd. presented an Inventory & appraisement of the sd. Estate in Court which is admitted to Record.
Test. Phi: Lightfoot Cl. Cur.

York County Orders, Wills, #15, 1716-1720. p.365
A further Inventory of the Estate of John Marot decd.
28 oz. Plate
1 Cross cutt Saw
Some paving Stones as they are appraised.

Ann Sullivant

At a Court held for York County Decr. 15th 1718

York County Wills, Inventories # 20 (1746-1759), pp.198-200

An Inventory of the Estate of James Shields Deceased.

In the Parlour.
2 Oval Tables 1 Square Do. 8 Leather Chairs 1 Chest of Draws 1 Looking Glass 1 Corner Cupboard & 5 old Pictures
In the Hall.
2 Looking Glasses 20 Pictures 1 Corner Cupboard 4 China Chocolate Cups
6 earthen Tea Cups 1 Glass Bowl 3 China Do. 1 Pottle Decanter
1 Desk and Book Case 15 Leather Chairs 3 Oval Tables 2 Square Do.
2 Backgammon Tables 1 Tea Chest 1 Dozen Silver handle Knives &c.
9 Silver Table Spoons & Case 11 Silver handle Knives & 12 forks
1 Case for Do. 1 dozen Ivory handle Knives & 3 ½ dozen China Plates
1 Basket for Do. 2 French Servers 1 Clock 3 Pint Silver Cans
1 Pottle Silver Tankard 4 Silver Salts 2 Silver Butter Boats
1 Silver Soop Spoon 1 Silver Punch Ladle 1 French Sugar Castor
4 Brass Candlesticks 3 Waiters 2 Chaifing Dishes 1 Pottle Stone Mugg
28 Wine Glasses 1 Plate Basket 22 Books 8 pair Scissors 1 Load Stone
1 flesh Brush 1 pair Money Scales &c. 1 pair Dogs 1 pair Tongs and Shovel
Up Stairs.
1 Plate Warmer 1 Pewter Cistern 1 Case of Surveyors Instruments
1 Mans Saddle &c. 1 Iron Mill A parcel old Iron
14 New leather Chairs 4 Sickles 2 Setts Chair Harness 1 Bucket
1 Cloaths Brush
In the Lower Room.
1 Looking Glass 2 Beds and furniture
2 Pictures 2 small Tables 5 Chairs
1 old Iron Dog and 2 Stone Chamber Pots
Up Stairs.
1 Looking Glass 2 Beds and furniture
2 Chamber Pots 1 small Table 1 Cane Chair
In the Shed.
1 Chest 6 Brass Candlesticks 3 Iron Do.
1 Pair Stilyards 2 pr. flatt Irons 1 pair Iron Dogs
1 Corner Cupboard 12 China Saucers 6 Cups & 9 Books
In the Barr.
4 Empty Carboys 1 Case and Bottles 1 Square Table
1 old Fiddle 1 old Hautboy 1 Tin funnel 1 old Gun Lock 1 old Quart Pot
1 Copper Cann 2 large Butter pots 1 Bird Cage 1 pair large Money Scales
In the Garden Room.
1 Large Looking Glass 2 old Pictures 8 Rush Chairs 1 large Table
2 Beds and furniture 3 pair Window Curtains 1 pair Iron Dogs
In the Chamber & Kitchen.
2 Beds and furniture 2 Tables 1 Brass Candlestick 1 old Trunk
1 pair Dogs 2 Quart Decanters 7 pair Snuffers 5 Glass Salts 1 Wine Glass
1 pair old Money Scales 1 pair large brass Scales One Chafing Dish 4 Chairs
3 Earthen Bowles 2 Coffee Pots 1 Chocolate Pot 1 Pewter Bason 1 Turene
1 Tin dish Cover 24 Pewter Dishes 1 dozen Deep Plates 4½ dozen flatt Do.
3 Earthen Dishes 1 Tea Kettle 1 Trivet 2 Box Irons &c. 1 Grater
1 Silver Punch Strainer 1 Silver Punch Spoon 2 Sugar Boxes 1 Tea Board
a Parcel China 5 Silver tea spoons
1 Marble Morter &c. 1 Bell Metal Morter &c. Dutch Oven
2 Dozen Candle Moulds 2 Stewpans and Stoppers 3 Iron Pots
1 Bell Metal Skillett 1 large Copper 1 Brass Kettle
1 Jack 1 Coffee Mill 1 Silver Watch 2 Iron Spits 1 pair Dogs
4 Pails 4 Tubs 2 large Butter Pots 2 frying Pans 1 fish Kettle
3 Potracks 1 Grid Iron 1 Dripping Pan 2 old Pewter Dishes
7 old Ivory handle Knives &c. 1 Warming Pan 2 old Square Tables
3 Butter pots
Up Stairs.
6 Beds and furniture 1 Square Table 1 Looking Glass
1 Chair 2 Rush Chairs 1 Elbow Chair 2 Trunks and 1 Screen
In the Closet.
1 old Cupboard 1 large Jugg 1 pair Lime Squeezers
1 pint 1½-pint and 1 Gill Pot 1 Gallon Pot
2 pair New Shoes 1 Chair 8 Potting Pots 1 Beer Cask
1 Brass Cock
In the Cellar &c.
41 Rennish 6 Brass Cocks 1 Powdering Tub 2 old Pewter Dishes
11 Table Cloths 32 Napkins 2 dozen Towells 11 pair Sheets 12 Pillowbeers
3 pr. Window Curtains
4 Milk Pans
1 Billiard Table and Balls 1 New Cloth for Do.
3 half pint Decanters & 1 pint Do.
69 Wine Glasses 82 Jelly Do. 6 Sweet Meat Do. 29 Sullibub Do.
17 Earthen Dishes 3 China Do. 3 China Butter Plates 22 Pye Moulds
1 Wood Tea Board 11 Quires Paper
Parcel old Brass 1 Box Pipes 6 Glass Servers
2 new Narrow Hoes 1 New Spade
10 Groce Quart Bottles 3 Jars 1 Waggon 1 Cart 2 Chairs 1 Wheel Barrow and 8 Horses
At the Quarter.
45 Head of old Cattle 13 Yearlings and 5 Calves
10 Head of Hogs
A Parcel of Carpenters tools
1 Bed & Furniture 6 Dishes 1 Iron Pot
2 Mares and 2 Colts 1 Whip Saw 1 Cross cut Do. 1 Gun 1 Wheat Sifter
5 Milk Pans 1 Grindstone a Parcel of Coopers Tools
1 Case & 11 Bottles for Do.
25 Negroes
1 Parcel of Corn Tobacco and Pease

Returned into York County Court the 21st of January 1750/51 and ordered to be recorded.
Teste Thomas Everard Cl. Cur.

RR113901 Mutual Assurance Society Policy (unnumbered), taken out by Peter Powell on his dwelling, 29 January 1813 (Special Collections, CWF Library, filed after policy #5027)

Insurance Plat

Insurance Plat