The Revolution in Virginia
The following resources lead the researcher to bibliographic and textual information
from the period or about the American Revolution, especially in Virginia.
Internet Resources from Colonial Williamsburg
Read, listen and see images about the war, the philosophy, the material culture,
and the people who lived through the Revolution in America.
The "Choosing Revolution" story line traces the beginnings of the new nation
by exploring the complex decisions every Virginian faced as the colony moved
toward independence. For further understanding, please read the
key points for this storyline.
The Declaration of Independence and the American Revolution and the role of
Virginians are showcased. Included are facsimiles of some of the manuscripts
owned by the Rockefeller Library.
Events and documents leading up to the Revolution
Read about the events as they happened. Use the alphabetical index with terms
such as Tea, Revolutionary War, Continental Army, and by location of action.
American Revolution: A Selective Guide to Military Organization, Engagements,
and Provisioning (PDF)
This finding aid lists resources for learning about the organization of the
American and British fighting units.
War Virginians (PDF)
This finding aid describes selected resources to consult when looking for information
about patriots and loyalists. While these resources are all available in the
John D. Rockefeller, Jr. Library, they may also be obtained in other libraries.
Spies and Spycraft in the American Revolution
A selected list of books, online sources and films.
Images are available in the Library's Visual Resources Center. Look at some
Articles from the Colonial Williamsburg Journal
Washington and the Evolution of the American Commander in Chief by Christopher
of Estrangement: Who Were the Sons of Liberty? by Bejamin L. Carp, Winter
for Christmas, 1781 by Christopher Geist, Autumn, 2008
The Truth About Betsy Ross: Popular Lore Says She Made First Flag, but Evidence
for the Tale Is Scarce by Ed Crews, Summer 2008.
Rocks, Trees, Rifles, and Militia, Thoughts on Eighteenth-Century Military Tactics
by Christopher Geist, Winter 2008
Maybe for Freedom, but probably not by Lloyd Dobyns, Autumn 2007. (African-Americans
in the Revolution)
Look at the Revolutionary City by James Horn, Spring 2006
Alternative of Williams-Burg: "Monster madness... the Patriots are in high
Spirits just now." by Robert Doares, Spring 2006
A Common American Soldier by Christopher Geist, Autumn 2004
and Scouts, Secret Writings and Sympathetic Citizens by Ed Crews, Summer
to Pay, Promises Unkept: How We Won a War and Lost Our Shirts by Richard
G. Doty, Summer 2003
Images of War by J. Hunter Barbour, Winter 2002-2003
Patriot, a Traitor, and a Bill of Attainder by Jack Lynch, Spring 2002
Very Own Navy by Edwards Park , Spring 2002
Selected Books, Films and Journal Articles in the Rockefeller Library
Frey, Sylvia R. "Between
Slavery and Freedom: Virginia Blacks in the American Revolution." Journal
of Southern History 1983 49(3): 375-398. [online
version, CW only]
McDonnell, Michael A. "Class
War: Class Struggles during the American Revolution in Virginia." William
and Mary Quarterly 2006 63(2): 305-344.
[online version, CW only]
McDonnell, Michael A. "Popular
Mobilization and Political Culture in Revolutionary Virginia: the Failure of
the Minutemen and the Revolution from Below." Journal of American
History 1998 85(3): 946-981. [online version, CW only]
Other Internet Resources
The Age of George III
The later Eighteenth Century was a time of change and conflict in Britain. This
web presents some of the major themes of the period 1760-1830.
Ancrum Papers, 1757-1789: Letter Book and Account Book
Wealthy Charleston merchant William Ancrum's letter book, 1776-1780, and financial
accounts, 1757-1789, reflect the financial impact of the American Revolution
on this South Carolina businessman and planter. View the records by date or
search by keyword.
Black Loyalists: Our History, Our People
This site explores an untold story of how Canada became the home of the first
settlements of free blacks outside Africa. Canada's Digital Collections offers a transcript of the Book
of Negroes, a list of African-Americans evacuated from New York at
the end of the war. A digital version of the original manuscripts of the Book of Negroes, searchable by personal name, is available from the government of Nova Scotia. (The Library also owns a photocopy (Number 10427 of the set entitled, “Headquarters Papers
of the British Army in America”) and a microfilm copy (M154.29) of the
original Book of Negroes.)
of Military History. Online Bookshelves: Revolutionary War.
Fulltext analyses of military operations in the Revolutionary War, including:
Washington's Army (1981) which discusses provision by the Quartermaster's
Department of arms and ammunition, food, clothing and medical supplies to the
Virginia Campaign and the Blockade and Siege of Yorktown 1781 (1931) includes
French involvement in the Revolution, the troop movements and skirmishes leading
up to the confrontation at Yorktown and includes aerial photography of the battlefield
Documents for the Study
of American History
AMDOCS offers transcriptions of documents from the period.
Includes transcriptions of important legal documents such as the Quartering
Act, 1774, and the Articles of Capitulation, 1781.
Journals of the Continental Congress
The Journals of the Continental Congress are the records of the daily proceedings
of the Congress—the First Continental Congress met from September 5 to
October 26, 1774; the Second Continental Congress from May 10, 1775, to
March 2, 1789.
of Delegates to Congress, 1774-1789
The surviving correspondence of the 344 delegates who attended the Continental
Congresses during and after the American Revolution.
The Harriet Irving Library at the University of New Brunswick in Fredericton,
N.B. is a repository of Loyalist resources in Canada and contains microfilm
of British, North American Colonial, and early Canadian primary sources from
approximately 1740 - 1870, with the chief focus being the American Revolution,
and the early years of Loyalist settlement in British North America.
Records and Resources from the Library of Virginia
Includes service, pension, and land bounty records for Virginia soldiers from
the colonial period to the twentieth century.
New Nation: The Thomas Addis Emmet Collection of Illustrations Relating to the
American Revolution and Early United States History.
A digital presentation of more than 8000 images owned by the New York Public
Pictorial Americana. The Revolution.
Selected images from the collections of the Library of Congress.
Papers at the Library of Congress
Washington, D.C., approximately 147,000 images online.
The Writings of George Washington from the Original Manuscript Sources 1745-1799
All 38 volumes of John C. Fitzpatrick's 1931-44 edition are reproduced by
the University of Virginia.
Subscription Resources (available only to Colonial Williamsburg staff)
America: History and Life
Indexes over 2,000 historical journals published worldwide. Approximately 16,000
new entries are added each year. Enter “|American Revolution| and |Virginia|”
as a subject to see a broad array of articles.
American Founding Era Collection is made available by the University of
Virginia and cooperating institutions and offers digital editions of the papers
of major figures of the early republic, and presents all material from the published
volumes, including editorial annotations and careful transcriptions of hundreds
of thousands of documents, in a fully searchable online environment. Included
in this collection are:
Search simultaneously: Early American Imprints Series I: Evans, 1639-1800 and
Early American Imprints, Series II: Shaw-Shoemaker, 1801-1819. (Available only
on computers on the CWF network; contact Reference Desk, 565-8510, for assistance.)
American Imprints, Series I: Evans, 1639-1800
Full-text books, pamphlets, broadsides and other imprints listed in the renowned
bibliography by Charles Evans - the definitive resource for information about
every aspect of life in seventeenth- and eighteenth-century America, from
agriculture and auctions through foreign affairs, diplomacy, literature, music,
religion, the Revolutionary War, temperance, witchcraft, and just about any
other topic imaginable.
American Imprints, Series II: Shaw-Shoemaker, 1801-1819
Full-text books, pamphlets, broadsides and other imprints listed in the distinguished
bibliography by Ralph R. Shaw and Richard H. Shoemaker.
Historical Newspapers, Series I, 1690-1876
Hundreds of historic newspapers listed in Clarence Brigham's authoritative bibliography
and in additional subsequent bibliographies.
Searchable documents from the National Archives include Revolutionary War Pensions,
Prize Cases, Rolls and Service Records.
Search or browse bills, acts, sessional papers, journals, and history of the
House of Commons and the House of Lords.
in U.S. History Online: The American Revolution
The American Revolution digital collection contains nearly 500 significant documents
of the time--official correspondence, personal letters, collected writings of
key figures, political speeches, memoirs and narratives of soldiers and civilians,
histories, and biographies.